Penelope Fitzgerald (17 December 1916 - 28 April 2000) was an English poet, novelist and biographer.
She was the daughter of Edward Knox, one of the four Knox Brothers about whom she wrote a book.
She was educated at Somerville College, Oxford; she worked for the BBC during World War II.
She started writing at age 60. Her first book was a life of Edward Burne-Jones; she also wrote a life of Charlotte Mew. She wrote nine novels. In 1978 she was shortlisted for the Booker Prize for her work Offshore