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Documentos: Biografia De Juan Jose Moreno, Ordenanzas De Los Hospitales, Testamento, Informacion En Derecho, Juicio De Residencia, Litigio Por La Isla De Tultepec by  Vasco de (c1470-1565) Quiroga - First Edition - 1940 - from The Book Collector ABAA, ILAB (SKU: CA0044)

Documentos: Biografia De Juan Jose Moreno, Ordenanzas De Los Hospitales, Testamento, Informacion En Derecho, Juicio De Residencia, Litigio Por La Isla De Tultepec

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Documentos: Biografia De Juan Jose Moreno, Ordenanzas De Los Hospitales, Testamento, Informacion En Derecho, Juicio De Residencia, Litigio Por La Isla De Tultepec

by Quiroga, Vasco de (c1470-1565)

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  • very good
  • hardcover
  • First
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About This Item

xx+472 pages with plates. Royal octavo (9 1/4" x 7 1/4") rebound in 3/4 leather with raised spine bands and gilt lettering. Original wrappers bound in. From the library of George M Foster. Limited to 560 copies. 2d edition. Originally published in 1766.

Vasco de Quiroga was born into a noble family. He studied law and later theology. He became a lawyer in Salamanca in 1515. He took holy orders late in life, but advanced rapidly in the church. He was a judge of the Chancellor's Court of Valladolid at the time of his appointment in 1530 as one of the oidores of the second Audiencia in New Spain. After the disaster of the first Audiencia, Emperor Charles V was determined to find officials of proven humanity and integrity for the second one. This he was able to do by soliciting the recommendations of the archbishop of Santiago, Juan Tavera. The president of this second Audiencia was Bishop Sebastián Ramírez de Fuenleal, and the other members were Quiroga, Juan de Salmerón, Alonso de Maldonado and Francisco Ceinos. They began governing in Mexico City in 1531. Quiroga founded the hospital-pueblo of Santa Fe (Mexico City), with his own money. This was his first attempt at building a Utopia on the model of Sir Thomas More. He converted many Indigenous to Christianity. He sat on the tribunal that ordered the bloody conquistador and president of the first Audiencia, Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, be returned to Spain in chains, where he spent the rest of his life in prison. Quiroga and the other oidores of the second Audiencia also conducted the trial of Juan Ortiz de Matienzo and Diego Delgadillo of the first Audiencia. When the newly conquered Chichimec Indians of Michoacán rebelled in 1533, Quiroga was sent to that province as visitador (inspector). With his prudent and just measures, he soon pacified the rebels. Here he founded another hospital of Santa Fe, also on More's principles. Greatly influenced by More's socialist Utopia, Quiroga believed that applying its principles to the Indian population would be the best way to counteract the earlier depredations of Beltrán de Guzmán. In 1535 the second Audiencia turned over its governing powers to the first viceroy of New Spain, Antonio de Mendoza. On the emperor's nomination he became the first bishop of Michoacán in 1537. He remained in Michoacán as pastor and protector of the Indians for most of the remainder of his life. As bishop, he transferred the seat of the bishopric from Tzintzutzan to Patzcuaro. In Patzcuaro he founded the cathedral and the Seminary of San Nicolas. He worked to gather the Indians in large towns near Lake Pátzcuaro in the center of Tarascan territory, recently ravaged by Beltrán de Guzmán. Using Thomas More's Utopia as a model, here the Indians were to be taught religion, crafts and the fundamentals of self-government. Each town was to become the center of an industry. Each person worked six hours a day and contributed on an equal basis to the common welfare. He gradually realized the necessity of restricting the scope of his plans, which he had hoped to apply throughout the colony, to the smaller area over which he had jurisdiction, partially because his personal funds were not unlimited. Bishop Quiroga's efforts were very successful, and he was said to be greatly beloved by the members of his flock. He was known to them as Tata Vasco (Father Vasco). Charles V had prohibited the enslavement of conquered subjects, but in 1534 he revoked that prohibition, at least insofar as to allow slavery of natives captured in a "just war". When Quiroga became aware of this, he wrote to Charles his celebrated Información en derecho (1535), in which he strongly condemned the encomenderos, saying that they did not accept the natives as men, but only as beasts. Quiroga passionately defended the Indians, arguing that they did not deserve the loss of liberty. In 1545 Quiroga left for Spain to attend the Council of Trent, but his ship was damaged and he was forced to return to New Spain. He left again in 1547 and did attend some sessions of the Council. He took several Indians with him and presented them at Court. While in Spain he was frequently called upon by the emperor and the Council of the Indies to give advice on colonial questions. He returned to New Spain in 1554. On his stopover in Santo Domingo, he obtained banana seedlings, which he introduced into Michoacán. In 1555 he participated in the first provincial council of the Church. He died in 1565 in his 90's on a pastoral visit in Uruapan. His body is interred in the cathedral of Patzcuaro.

George McClelland Foster, Jr born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, on October 9, 1913, died on May 18, 2006, at his home in the hills above the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, where he served as a professor from 1953 to his retirement in 1979, when he became professor emeritus. His contributions to anthropological theory and practice still challenge us; in more than 300 publications, his writings encompass a wide diversity of topics, including acculturation, long-term fieldwork, peasant economies, pottery making, public health, social structure, symbolic systems, technological change, theories of illness and wellness, humoral medicine in Latin America, and worldview. The quantity, quality, and long-term value of his scholarly work led to his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1976. Virtually all of his major publications have been reprinted and/or translated. Provenance from the executor of Foster's library laid in.

Condition:

Inner hinge cracked, Foster's stamp on title and date of acquiry (6/5/44) on front end paper. Occasional underlining in pencil by Foster. Shelf wear, wrapper soiled else a very good copy.

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Details

Bookseller
The Book Collector ABAA, ILAB US (US)
Bookseller Inventory #
CA0044
Title
Documentos: Biografia De Juan Jose Moreno, Ordenanzas De Los Hospitales, Testamento, Informacion En Derecho, Juicio De Residencia, Litigio Por La Isla De Tultepec
Author
Quiroga, Vasco de (c1470-1565)
Book condition
Used - Very Good
Quantity available
1
Binding
Hardcover
Publisher
Editorial Polis
Place of Publication
Mexico City
Date published
1940

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Glossary

Some terminology that may be used in this description includes:

hinge
The portion of the book closest to the spine that allows the book to be opened and closed.
New
A new book is a book previously not circulated to a buyer. Although a new book is typically free of any faults or defects,...[more]
gilt
The decorative application of gold or gold coloring to a portion of a book on the spine, edges of the text block, or an inlay in...[more]
soiled
Generally refers to minor discoloration or staining.
octavo
Another of the terms referring to page or book size, octavo refers to a standard printer's sheet folded four times, producing...[more]
rebound
A book in which the pages have been bound into a covering replacing the original covering issued by the publisher.
cracked
In reference to a hinge or a book's binding, means that the glue which holds the opposing leaves has allowed them to separate,...[more]
spine
The outer portion of a book which covers the actual binding. The spine usually faces outward when a book is placed on a shelf....[more]
remainder
Book(s) which are sold at a very deep discount to alleviate publisher overstock. Often, though not always, they have a remainder...[more]
shelf wear
Shelf wear (shelfwear) describes damage caused over time to a book by placing and removing a book from a shelf. This damage is...[more]
wrappers
The paper covering on the outside of a paperback.  Also see the entry for pictorial wraps, color illustrated coverings for...[more]

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