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Kurze Beschreibung einer ganz neuen Art einer Camerae Obscurae; G.F Branders kurze Beschreibung der neu… by Georg Friedrich Brander (1713-1783) - 1769-1775 - from Artem / Rare Books (SKU: 2110)

Kurze Beschreibung einer ganz neuen Art einer Camerae Obscurae; G.F Branders kurze Beschreibung der neu abgeänderten und mit mehreren Zusätzen versehenen Camera Obscura. Nebst einem Unterricht, wie man sich derselben bedienen soll.

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Kurze Beschreibung einer ganz neuen Art einer Camerae Obscurae; G.F Branders kurze Beschreibung der neu abgeänderten und mit mehreren Zusätzen versehenen Camera Obscura. Nebst einem Unterricht, wie man sich derselben bedienen soll.: The origin of photography: two important illustrated camera obscura manuals

by Georg Friedrich Brander (1713-1783)

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About This Item

The origin of photography: two important illustrated camera obscura manuals

Georg Friedrich Brander (1713-1783).

1) Kurze Beschreibung einer ganz neuen Art einer Camerae Obscurae ingleichen eines Sonnen Microscops welches man bequem aller Orten hin-stellen und ohne Verfinsterung des Zimmer gebrauchen kann womit auch allerley Objecte auf eine sehr leichte Art in einer selbst beliebigen Grösse gezeichnet und aufgerissen werden können.

Augsburg, Eberhard Klett Wittwe, 1769.

[WITH:]

2) G.F Branders kurze Beschreibung der neu abgeänderten und mit mehreren Zusätzen versehenen Camera Obscura. Nebst einem Unterricht, wie man sich derselben bedienen soll. Als eine Zugabe zu der Anno 1769 herausgegebenen Beschreibung einer Camera Obscura.

Augsburg, Eberhard Klett Wittwe, 1775.

2 works in 1 volume. 8°. 27, [1 blank]; 40 pp. With 2+3 folding engraved plates and several woodcut head- and tailpieces.

Contemporary stiff paper wrappers.

Complete set of Brander's two important manuals for the construction of his new type of camera obscura. In the first work, here in the second edition, he describes his new invention for the first time and explains how to build one. It is illustrated with 3 folding plates showing details of various parts and how the camera works. In the second work (first edition) Brander goes further into the technical construction of several individual parts of the camera. This is illustrated with 2 folding plates, including one showing different types of removable lenses. This second work is especially rare and is therefore often overlooked in literature on Brander's invention and the origin of photography. Brander's camera obscura was relatively small and could be transported. The foremost innovative feature was the ability to use this camera in daylight. Contemporary cameras needed a dark room to function, but Brander applied his knowledge of the projection microscope to find a way to fit the dark room inside the machine itself, so it could be used anywhere. This meant a significant step forwards in the development of photography. Technically the device is a solar microscope connected with a camera obscura. By incorporating different lenses at various lengths the camera had a rudimentary zoom function, which made it ideal for artists to work with, as can be seen on one of the plates that depicts an artist drawing behind the camera after a three dimensional model. Plate II from the first manual is especially noteworthy because it shows an artist at work behind the camera obscura. This famous engraving has been reproduced in most of the major handbooks on the history of photography. It depicts light rays bearing a likeness of the Greek figure holding a harp, entering the camera obscura (shown in the lower half of this engraving) through the lens, bounce off a mirror (rendered in fig. 2 as a slanted line), and reflected onto a piece of translucent glass onto which a man has placed a thin paper sheet. He can see the reflection well enough to trace it (at the top of this engraving is shown a fold-out camera). Brander's manuals were very influential. His invention is mentioned in every significant handbook on the history of photography, but it also appears in numerous 19th-century works on photography technique. See for example Simon H. Gage, On the origin and development of the projection miscroscope (1880), p. 43. The first manual of the two, Kurze Beschreibung einer ganz neuen Art einer Camerae Obscurae, was reprinted as one of the five most significant texts in the early history of photography in: The Prehistory of photography : five texts (1979). And more recently, dr. Matthias Müller of the University of Jena built a replica camera obscura after Brander's manual.

Condition: Slightly browned in places, inscription in ink on title-page of ad. 2. Otherwise in very good condition.

Reference: 1) VD18 10550658 2) NOT IN VD18. Alto Brachner , G.F. Brander, 1713-1783: wissenschaftliche Instrumente aus seiner Werkstatt, Deutsches Museum, 1983; Simon H. Gage, On the origin and development of the projection miscroscope (1880), p. 43; Helmut Gernsheim, The Origins of Photography, pp. 17-18; Matthias Müller, "Die Camera obscura von Georg Friedrich Brander (1767)". In: Experimentelle Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 2010. Laurent Roosens, History of photography: a bibliography of books, no. 1322 (ad. 1 only); Robert A. Sobieszek, The Prehistory of photography : five texts, 1979.

Extended Description and Notes

The origin of photography: two important illustrated camera obscura manuals

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Details

bookseller
Artem / Rare Books NL (NL)
Bookseller’s Inventory #
2110
Title
Kurze Beschreibung einer ganz neuen Art einer Camerae Obscurae; G.F Branders kurze Beschreibung der neu abgeänderten und mit mehreren Zusätzen versehenen Camera Obscura. Nebst einem Unterricht, wie man sich derselben bedienen soll.
Author
Georg Friedrich Brander (1713-1783)
Format/binding
Contemporary stiff paper wrappers.
Book condition
Used
Quantity available
1
Place of Publication
Augsburg
Date Published
1769-1775
Pages
27, [1 blank]; 40 pp.
Size
Keywords
Art, manuals, photography, German, rare
Bookseller catalogs
Art manuals;
Size

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Artem / Rare Books

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The Hague
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About Artem / Rare Books

Dutch dealer of Art & History on Paper.

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