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COMTE DE GABALIS, OU ENTRETIENS SUR LES SCIENCES SECRÈTES. RENOUVELLÉ & AUGMENTÉ D'UNE LETTRE SUR CE SUJET [bound with:] LA SUITE DU COMTE DE GABALIS, OU NOUVEAUX ENTRETIENS SUR LES SCIENCES SECRETES, TOUCHANT LA NOUVELLE PHILOSOPHIE. OUVRAGE POSTHUME
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COMTE DE GABALIS, OU ENTRETIENS SUR LES SCIENCES SECRÈTES. RENOUVELLÉ & AUGMENTÉ D'UNE LETTRE SUR CE SUJET [bound with:] LA SUITE DU COMTE DE GABALIS, OU NOUVEAUX ENTRETIENS SUR LES SCIENCES SECRETES, TOUCHANT LA NOUVELLE PHILOSOPHIE. OUVRAGE POSTHUME

By [Villars, Abbé de (Nicolas-Pierre-Henri de Montfaucon)]

Cologne: Pierre Marteau, 1691. Hardcover. Very good. [ca. 1691 and ca. 1703.] 16mo. Two volumes in one. 155;[2],150pp. In French. Later three-quarter calf and marbled boards, gilt spine rules, gilt leather label. First title page printed in red and black with armillary sphere device. Early inscriptions in flyleaf. Closely trimmed at fore-edge, touching some characters of text (with no loss). Joints expertly repaired, binding rubbed and moderately worn. Overall very good. Early edition of the best known work of Henri de Montfaucon, Abbé de Villars (1635-1673), for which he is said to have been murdered by the Rosicrucians. This edition adds the “Réponse à la lettre de Monseigneur” to the 1670 original text and is bound with a “posthumous” sequel published ca. 1703 by Pierre Mortier in Amsterdam. The primary work, a satirical dialogue between a Cabalist and a skeptic, is largely concerned with the Paracelsan idea of the marriage of elemental spirits to human beings. It ostensibly unveiled Rosicrucian secrets, which may have been what led to Villars’s assasination on the road to Lyon in 1673. Despite its satirical nature, the work has been treated as a source book for esoteric knowledge over the generations to the present day. F. Leigh Gardner describes it in that spirit in his BIBLIOTHECA ROSICRUCIANA: “The chief figure in it is said to be taken from G. F. Borri, who is the imaginary Count de Gabalis; although written in a satirical vein yet it contains profound truths; possibly the author found it necessary in those days to disseminate knowledge in this fashion. It is also stated that Pope in his work, ‘The Rape of the Lock,’ obtained his ideas of the Elementaires and the general outline from this work.” The second title, whose true author is unknown, further pursues the theme of the marriage between elementals and human beings with a character named Jean le Brun. Gardner describes it as a “Burlesque on the original work, and presumably only written to enable it to be sold on the reputation enjoyed by the re-issue of the original one.” A brief, but extremely important work in the history of occult literature, bound with a very rare edition of the “Suite,” for which OCLC records four copies. Main title: Caillet 7707 (noting editions printed with sphere and no date). Main title (other editions): Caillet 7701, Duveen,pp. 411-412, Gardner 556, Graesse, p. 59. Second title: Caillet 7709 (another edition), Gardner 562n.

$800.00

THE HAUNTED PHOTOGRAPH | WHENCE AND WHITHER | A CASE IN DIPLOMACY | THE AFTERGLOW
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THE HAUNTED PHOTOGRAPH | WHENCE AND WHITHER | A CASE IN DIPLOMACY | THE AFTERGLOW

By Stuart, Ruth McEnery

New York: The Century Co., 1911. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good. [8],168 pp. plus ten plates (including frontispiece). Publisher's beige pictorial cloth, stamped in white, green, and gilt. Bookplate of Elizabeth Jordan. Warmly inscribed, "Elizabeth Jordan | with the author's love | May 1st 1912," on front free endpaper and, "Merrily Yours | Ruth McEnery Stuart," on title page. Five contemporary manuscript edits in the text. Fading at spine and edges, three small tears at head of spine. Very good. Presentation copy to American journalist, author, and editor Elizabeth Jordan (1865-1947). Ruth McEnery Stuart (ca. 1849-1917) was a white Lousiana-born writer known in part for her sympathetic (if problematic) portrayals of African American characters and her use of black vernacular. The present collection of four short stories includes two with black subjects, "Whence and Whither" and "A Case in Diplomacy." "The Haunted Photograph" is an ambiguously ghostly ghost story, and "The Afterglow" includes a handful of brief manuscript editing notes, presumably by either Stuart or Jordan.

$125.00

THE TEMPLAR'S CHART, OR HIEROGLYPHIC MONITOR; CONTAINING ALL THE EMBLEMS AND HIEROGLYPHICS EXPLAINED IN THE VALIANT AND MAGNANIMOUS ORDERS OF KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS; KNIGHTS TEMPLARS; AND KNIGHTS OF MALTA, OR ORDER OF ST. JOHN OF JERUSALEM. DESIGNED AND DULY ARRANGED, AGREEABLY TO THE MODE OF WORK AND LECTURING. BY JEREMY L. CROSS, K.R.C. K.T. K.M. &c. TO WHICH ARE ADDED, LESSONS, EXHORTATIONS, PRAYERS, CHARGES, SONGS, &c.
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THE TEMPLAR'S CHART, OR HIEROGLYPHIC MONITOR; CONTAINING ALL THE EMBLEMS AND HIEROGLYPHICS EXPLAINED IN THE VALIANT AND MAGNANIMOUS ORDERS OF KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS; KNIGHTS TEMPLARS; AND KNIGHTS OF MALTA, OR ORDER OF ST. JOHN OF JERUSALEM. DESIGNED AND DULY ARRANGED, AGREEABLY TO THE MODE OF WORK AND LECTURING. BY JEREMY L. CROSS, K.R.C. K.T. K.M. &c. TO WHICH ARE ADDED, LESSONS, EXHORTATIONS, PRAYERS, CHARGES, SONGS, &c.

By Cross, Jeremy L.; [S. S. Jocelyn [ill.]

New-Haven: Published and sold by the author [et al.]; A. H. Maltby & Co., Printers, 1821. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good. 12mo. [2],vi,10-157 pp. including engraved half title, engraved frontispiece, and musical notation in pp. 111-156, plus 21 leaves of plates (1-20 numbered), complete. Later speckled paper over boards, gilt leather label. Moderate foxing throughout. Very good. Scarce first edition of the first illustrated guide to the organization, rituals, and symbolism of the Masonic Knights Templar for the General Grand Encampment of the United States, by the influential Masonic author and lecturer Jeremy Ladd Cross (1783-1860). The work follows on the success of Cross’s pioneering 1820 publication of Masonic emblems, THE TRUE MASONIC CHART, with a monitor for the specifically Christian “knighthood” orders associated with freemasonry in the U.S. Following ritual manuals, lessons, constitutions, and lists of officers for the orders is a large selection of songs, many with musical notation, and plates of symbols, ritual schematics, and Biblical and allegorical scenes, including Paul’s shipwreck on Malta. The frontispiece, a depiction of Constantine’s vision of the cross blazing in the heavens, is an early copper engraving of Simeon Smith Jocelyn (1799-1879) of New Haven. Jocelyn is evidently the illustrator of the all of the plates in the volume (taking the place of Amos Doolittle, who engraved the plates of the TRUE MASONIC CHART). Around the time of the TEMPLAR CHART’s publication, Jocelyn enrolled at Yale to train as a Congregationalist minister. Successfully ordained, in the 1830’s Jocelyn abandoned the engraving trade to dedicate himself to antislavery and African American educational causes.

$800.00

DE NOVA HIEROSOLYMA ET EJUS DOCTRINA COELESTI: EX AUDITIS E COELO. QUIBUS PRAEMITTITUR ALIQUID DE NOVO COELO & NOVA TERRA ["THE NEW JERUSALEM AND ITS HEAVENLY DOCTRINE..."]
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DE NOVA HIEROSOLYMA ET EJUS DOCTRINA COELESTI: EX AUDITIS E COELO. QUIBUS PRAEMITTITUR ALIQUID DE NOVO COELO & NOVA TERRA ["THE NEW JERUSALEM AND ITS HEAVENLY DOCTRINE..."]

By [Swedenborg, Emanuel]

London: [Printed by John Lewis], 1758. First Edition. Hardcover. Near fine. Quarto. 156 pp. In Latin. Modern vinyl, raised bands, spine lettered in gilt. Final errata leaf not present, as usual. Some light underlining in pencil, occasional light foxing, else near fine. First edition of one of the foundational documents of Emanuel Swedenborg's vision for a new Christianity, containing its fundamental doctrines. Published anonymously and printed in London by John Lewis in an edition of 1000 copies. Scarce. ESTC T135860. Hyde 1210. Caillet 10476 (French edition).

$500.00

DE SPECTRIS LEMURIBUS ET MAGNIS ATQUE INSOLLITIS FRAGORIBUS, VARIÍSQUE PRAESAGITIONIBUS, QUAE PLERUNQUE OBITUM HOMINUM, MAGNAS CLADES, MUTATIONÉSQUE IMPERIORUM, PRAECEDUNT, LIBER UNUS. LUDOVICO LAVATERO TIGURINO AUTORE
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DE SPECTRIS LEMURIBUS ET MAGNIS ATQUE INSOLLITIS FRAGORIBUS, VARIÍSQUE PRAESAGITIONIBUS, QUAE PLERUNQUE OBITUM HOMINUM, MAGNAS CLADES, MUTATIONÉSQUE IMPERIORUM, PRAECEDUNT, LIBER UNUS. LUDOVICO LAVATERO TIGURINO AUTORE

By Lavater, Ludwig

Geneva: Eustache Vignon, 1580. Hardcover. Very good. [16],213 pp. In Latin. 19th-century plain paper-backed marbled boards. 19th-century German booksellers label in front pastedown. Small early inscription, crossed out in early ink, in title page, not affecting text, occasional early underlining and marginal notes. Two-inch vertical crease at head of title leaf, with half-inch closed tear at edge (tear not affecting text), faint dampstaining in first 24 leaves. Very good. Early Latin edition, after the first edition, in German, of 1569 and the first Latin edition of 1570. Known in English as “Of Ghostes and Spirites Walking by Nyght, and of Strange Noyses, Crackes, and Sundry Forewarnings, Whiche Commonly Happen Before the Death of Menne, Great Slaughters, & Alterations of Kyngdomes,” from the 1572 English translation, this book is one of the most important demonological works of the Reformation era and was profoundly influential in Elizabethan literature. The author, Ludwig Lavater (1527-1886), was a Swiss Zwinglian minister and theologian based in Zurich. In the 16th and 17th-century Protestant world, new questions surfaced regarding the nature of ghostly apparitions—particularly their origins. In the Catholic understanding, ghosts were generally thought to be spirits of the dead on leave from Purgatory. With their rejection of the doctrine of Purgatory, Protestant philosophers and theologians were compelled to search for new answers. One (fairly unpopular) position was taken by Reginald Scot in his DISCOURSE UPON DEVILS AND SPIRITS, appended to his 1584 work, DISCOVERIE OF WITCHCRAFT, in which he argued that because the age of miracles had ceased long ago apparitions must be no more than the products of human imagination or trickery. The dominant view in Protestant theology (if still not quite the popular mind), however, came to be what Lavater expressed here in DE SPECTRIS. Lavater argued that, while many apparitions may be indeed be products of false perception, ample evidence of real supernatural visitations had existed from biblical and classical antiquity to the present day. He concluded, however, that these phenomena are not the spirits of the dead but in fact agents of Hell (and perhaps occasionally Heaven) that will sometimes take human spiritual form. He relates examples of these phenomena throughout the work, together with a taxonomy of less-human specters such as Lamiae, Larvae, and Lemures and a variety of mythical creatures. In his introduction to the 1929 Oxford edition of GHOSTES AND SPIRITES (edited with May Yardley), J. Dover Wilson demonstrates the clear influence of Lavater’s views—and possibly of his book, directly—on Shakespeare in the shaping of the dialogues surrounding the ghost of Hamlet’s father. In TAMMUZ PAN AND CHIRST : NOTES ON A TYPICAL CASE OF MYTH-TRANSFERENCE AND DEVELOPMENT (Chicago, 1912), Wilfred H. Schoff discusses the influence of Lavater’s “strange compilation of wonder stories” on the Elizabethans and traces the path of the “Dead Pan” story in English literature from DE SPECTRIS through Spencer, Milton, and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Caillet 6237 ("curieux et rare"). Dorbon-Ainé 2509 (first edition). Graesse, pp. 81, 134. Rosenthal 1885. Thorndike VI, pp. 530-32.

$1400.00

DE MIRACULIS MORTUORUM, OPUS NOVUM ET ADMIRANDUM IN 10 PARTES DISTRIBUTUM ; IN QUO MIRABILIA DEI MIRACULA & EXEMPLA MORTUORUM EX VETERI & NOVO TESTAMENTO EX ECCLESIASTICIS & PROPHANIS HISTORICIS SUMMA OPERA & STUDIO COLLECTA HABENTUR QUAESTIONES NATURALES PHYSICAE MEDICAE THEOLOGICAE & IURIDICAE TRADUNTUR & ARTIFICIOSE PERTRACTANTUR
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DE MIRACULIS MORTUORUM, OPUS NOVUM ET ADMIRANDUM IN 10 PARTES DISTRIBUTUM ; IN QUO MIRABILIA DEI MIRACULA & EXEMPLA MORTUORUM EX VETERI & NOVO TESTAMENTO EX ECCLESIASTICIS & PROPHANIS HISTORICIS SUMMA OPERA & STUDIO COLLECTA HABENTUR QUAESTIONES NATURALES PHYSICAE MEDICAE THEOLOGICAE & IURIDICAE TRADUNTUR & ARTIFICIOSE PERTRACTANTUR

By Kornmanni, Henrici [Heinrich Kornmann]

[Frankfurt]: Printed by Johann Wolf for Johann Jacob Porsius, 1610. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good. Small octavo. A-Y8 (Y8 blank); [352] pp. Contemporary limp vellum, manuscript spine title. 18th or 19th-century printed and manuscript library bookplate, later monogram book label. 17th-century inscriptions, including ex dono inscription of George Keith, in title page. Modern bibliographical inscriptions in front free endpaper. Vellum worn and moderately soiled but sound. Early repair to front free endpapers, title leaf, and first leaf of text, with some resulting glue stains, occasional minor worming. After the first few leaves, contents clean. Overall very good. "Miracles of the Dead" is one of the four works by German lawyer Heinrich Kornmann (ca. 1580-1620) published between 1610 and 1614 on magic and marvels. “Magical bits from the Miracles of the Dead are that the owl is a fatal omen and the peacock a presage of disease, that suffumigation with the tooth of a dead man expels witchcraft and impotency, that the herb betony protects cemeteries, and that if a mother kisses her dead child, the other children will soon die too. Astrology enters… in the question why thousands of persons with different horoscopes die on the same day in the same battle, and divination in the question what dreams about the dead signifiy, the discussion of presages of death, and the prophecies of those about to die. The problem is… argued whether the witch of Endor really resuscitated Samuel. Joan of Arc’s heart was unburned at the stake. Cases are listed of the teeth of corpses growing and a dead woman impregnated. A corpse is heavier than the living body because it is without the levitation of the vital spirits and heat. The size and weight of resurrected bodies is discussed, how men who have been eaten and the cannibals who ate them can both be resurrected in the body, whether abortions will rise again, and whether monsters will be resurrected. The corpse bleeding before the murderer is treated, and if inextinguishable and ever-burning sepulchral lamps are not, they are about the only thing connected with funerals and burials which is omitted” -- Thorndike. Caillet 5827 ("Curieux et recherché"). Thorndike VII, pp. 278-80.

$850.00

DE TELLURIBUS IN MUNDO NOSTRO SOLARI, QUAE VOCANTUR PLANETAE: ET DE TELLURIBUS IN COELO ASTRIFERO: DEQUE ILLARUM INCOLIS; TUM DE SPIRITIBUS & ANGELIS IBI; EX AUDITIS & VISIS
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DE TELLURIBUS IN MUNDO NOSTRO SOLARI, QUAE VOCANTUR PLANETAE: ET DE TELLURIBUS IN COELO ASTRIFERO: DEQUE ILLARUM INCOLIS; TUM DE SPIRITIBUS & ANGELIS IBI; EX AUDITIS & VISIS

By [Swedenborg, Emanuel]

London: [John Lewis], 1758. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good. Quarto. 72 pp. Errata leaf not present, as usual. In Latin. Late 19th-century red morocco, raised bands, gilt spine title, inner gilt dentelles, marbled endpapers, a.e.g. Mid 19th-century ownership inscription in title page and underlining and extensive marginal notes in English and Latin from the same owner at various points throughout. Some loss to manuscript marginalia from trimming. Minor wear and soiling to binding and occasional soiling and foxing in contents. Very good. First edition, in Latin, of one of Swedenborg's early mystical writings, published anonymously by John Lewis in London in an edition of 1000 copies. This work, later published in English as "Concerning the Earths in our Solar System, which are called Planets; and concerning the Earths in the Starry Heaven; together with an account of their inhabitants, and also of the spirits and angels there..." is an account of Swedenborg's spiritual communications with the inhabitants of other worlds and a description of their various distinctive qualities and religious orientations. The spirits of Mercury travel across the universe in globe-like phalanxes "to acquire the knowledges of things." Describing to Swedenborg the vast numbers of beings and worlds beyond our own, they relate to him that "they knew there were earths existing in the universe to the number of some hundred thousands and upwards" and ask, "yet what is this to the Divine, which is infinite?" The inhabitants of Mars are "the best of all among the spirits who are from the earths of our solar system, for they are as to the most part celestial men, not unlike those who were of the Most Ancient Church on this earth." At the edge of our solar system, Swedenborg discovers "fiery smoke ascending out of a great chasm," where guards prevent the travel of spirits to whom leave has not been granted, and visits five worlds beyond it. An additional chapter explores the question of why our earth would be chosen for the Incarnation, determining that the capacity to create scripture began here: "That the Word might be written on our earth, is because the art of writing has existed here from the most ancient time, first on the bark of trees, next on parchment, afterwards on paper, and lastly published by types. This was provided by the Lord for the sake of the Word." Throughout, Swedenborg's considerable astronomical knowledge and distinctive theology emerge in his narration and in dialogues between himself and the other beings. ESTC T90963. Hyde 956. Caillet 10482 (French translation).

$900.00

COLLEGIUM CURIOSUM PRIVATISSIMUM PHYSIOGNOM- CHIROMANT- METOPSCOP- ANTHROPOLOGICUM, JOH. PRAETORII, P. L. CAES. ODER EIN SEHR NÜTZLICHES WERCK, DARINNEN CURIEUS UND DOCH VOLLKÖMMLICH ABGEHANDELT WIRD, WAS ZUR PHYSIOGNOMIE, CHIROMANTIE, METOPOSCOPIE UND ANTHROPOLOGIE GEHÖRET
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COLLEGIUM CURIOSUM PRIVATISSIMUM PHYSIOGNOM- CHIROMANT- METOPSCOP- ANTHROPOLOGICUM, JOH. PRAETORII, P. L. CAES. ODER EIN SEHR NÜTZLICHES WERCK, DARINNEN CURIEUS UND DOCH VOLLKÖMMLICH ABGEHANDELT WIRD, WAS ZUR PHYSIOGNOMIE, CHIROMANTIE, METOPOSCOPIE UND ANTHROPOLOGIE GEHÖRET

By Praetorius, Johannes

Frankfurt and Leipzig: Philipp Wilhelm Stock, 1704. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good. [14],128 pp., including several in-text illustrations, plus ten plates (nine folding). In Latin. Modern marbled paper over boards. Moderate toning throughout, mild foxing in some plates, minor loss along upper fold of third plate with archival tape repair and residue of earlier tape repair, apparent loss of small outer panel of terminal plate. Very good. First edition of the posthumous German treatment of the Latin works of Johannes Praetorius on palmistry, metoposcopy, and other forms of physiognomic divination. Johannes Praetorius (i.e., Hans Schultze, 1630-1680) was a German poet, historian, and prolific compiler of curious legends and folklore. Faber du Faur, for whom Praetorius held a particular collecting interest, lists him in the "Oddities" section of GERMAN BAROQUE LITERATURE and refers to his "open eye and a sharp ear for all wonder stories, witch tales, and accounts of ghosts and sorcery current among the people. He indefatigably collected all information on remarkable subjects and happenings, and was fond of popular gossip, even of the uncouth type" (pp. 199-200). Faber du Faur 776 (1713 edition). OCLC lists seven copies, all in Europe.

$750.00

LEBEN ANTICHRISTI ODER AUSFÜHRLICHE, GRÜNDLICHE UND HISTORISCHE BESCHREIBUNG VON DEN ZUKÜNFFTIGEN DINGEN DER WELT. ALLWO AUS GÖTTLICHER SCHRIFFT, HEILIGEN VÄTTERN UND ANDERN BEWEHRTEN SCRIBENTEN, DIE GANTZE HISTORI VOM LEBEN / WUNDERWERCKEN UND TOD ANTICHRISTI, UND SEINES VORLÄUFFERS ERKLÄRT UND ERZEHLET WIRD. ES IST AUCH ALLHIE DES H. PROPHETEN HENOCHS UND ELIÆ WANDEL, MARTER UND HIMMELFAHRT AUSFÜHRLICH BESCHRIEBEN, UND GRÜNDLICH ERWISEN. ANJETZO VON NEUEM ÜBERSEHEN, CORRIGIRT UND VERBESSERT; WIE AUCH DURCH EINEN SONDERBAREN ZUSATZ VOM JÜDISCHEN MEßIA ERGRÖSSERT UND VERMEHRET: SO DEM BEGIERIGEN LESER NUTZLICH / UND ZU BESSERER ERKANTNUS DISER HISTORI DIENLICH SENN WIRD
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LEBEN ANTICHRISTI ODER AUSFÜHRLICHE, GRÜNDLICHE UND HISTORISCHE BESCHREIBUNG VON DEN ZUKÜNFFTIGEN DINGEN DER WELT. ALLWO AUS GÖTTLICHER SCHRIFFT, HEILIGEN VÄTTERN UND ANDERN BEWEHRTEN SCRIBENTEN, DIE GANTZE HISTORI VOM LEBEN / WUNDERWERCKEN UND TOD ANTICHRISTI, UND SEINES VORLÄUFFERS ERKLÄRT UND ERZEHLET WIRD. ES IST AUCH ALLHIE DES H. PROPHETEN HENOCHS UND ELIÆ WANDEL, MARTER UND HIMMELFAHRT AUSFÜHRLICH BESCHRIEBEN, UND GRÜNDLICH ERWISEN. ANJETZO VON NEUEM ÜBERSEHEN, CORRIGIRT UND VERBESSERT; WIE AUCH DURCH EINEN SONDERBAREN ZUSATZ VOM JÜDISCHEN MEßIA ERGRÖSSERT UND VERMEHRET: SO DEM BEGIERIGEN LESER NUTZLICH / UND ZU BESSERER ERKANTNUS DISER HISTORI DIENLICH SENN WIRD

By Lützenburg, Dionysius von [Dionysius of Luxemburg]

Kaufbeuren: Christian Starck, 1742. Hardcover. Very good. [8],498,[5] pp. including index. In German. Contemporary mottled calf, raised bands, spine richly gilt, gilt leather labels, marbled endpapers, all edges red. Early 20th-century satanic bookplate of "Winkler Jenö." Calf worn at edges and rubbed, loss to lower corner of first rear endpaper. Very good. Later edition, after the first of 1682. One of the last published examples of medieval-style prophecy, the work foretells the life, magical works, reign, and defeat of the Antichrist, with various revelations relating to signs of his coming and the end of the world, the murder and resurrection of Enoch and Elijah, and the Second Coming of Christ, as well as a section on the "Messiah of the Jews." The author, Dionysius von Lützenburg (i.e., Luxemburg, ca. 1652-1703), was a Capuchin friar known especially for this, his first work, and his hagiographical LEGEND DER HEILIGEN (1684). The present copy contains the very unusual bookplate of Jenö Winkler ("Winkler Jenö," in the Hungarian style), who is also evidently its artist, with his monogram in the print. The plate, printed in black and red, shows a suited devil plunging a skull-tipped sword through a large bleeding book. OCLC lists four copies, three in Germany, one at Brigham Young University. Rare.

$750.00

SOME INQUIRIES CONCERNING HUMAN SACRIFICES AMONG THE ROMANS : PRECEDED BY A REPRINT OF THE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MR. MACAULAY, SIR ROBERT PEEL, AND LORD MAHON UPON THE SAME SUBJECT
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SOME INQUIRIES CONCERNING HUMAN SACRIFICES AMONG THE ROMANS : PRECEDED BY A REPRINT OF THE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MR. MACAULAY, SIR ROBERT PEEL, AND LORD MAHON UPON THE SAME SUBJECT

By [Thayer, Thatcher; Thomas Babington Macaulay; Robert Peel; Philip Henry Stanhope (Viscount Mahon)]

[Providence]: Printed, not published [for] Sidney S. Rider, 1878. First Thus. Softcover. Very good. 90 pp. Original printed wrappers. Institutional blindstamp and withdrawal inkstamp of American Antiquarian Society in title page. Wrappers moderately rubbed and worn, lightly chipped along yapped edges, rear wrapper unevenly sunned. Contents clean. Very good. A scarce copy of an unusual investigation, reprinting and commenting on the 1847-1848 correspondence between Macaulay, Peel, and Stanhope printed in London in 1860 under the title, WERE HUMAN SACRIFICES IN USE AMONG THE ROMANS? Stanhope had introduced the topic to Macaulay and Peel after reading a passage in Johann Karl Ludwig Gieseler's recently published COMPENDIUM OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. Gieseler had cited Lactantius to argue that, as late as the third century C.E., an annual human sacrifice to Jupiter Latialis was made in Rome. Macaulay disagreed with Gieseler's translation (particularly of the particle, "siquidem") and dismissed the notion as being as "absurd" as Father John MacHale's recent assertion that the "English Government starved two millions of [the Irish] last year." Peel, while skeptical of Gieseler's assertion, took issue with Macaulay's specific arguments against him. The Rev. Thatcher Thayer (1811-1894), a Congregationalist minister Newport, Rhode Island, revisits the conversation in the present work with the thoughtful, detailed scholarship for which he was celebrated by his peers. He concludes that propitiatory human sacrifice among Romans indeed persisted into the early Christian era and notes its importance in understanding the origins of the Church and the brutality that saturated its world. His exasperation with Macaulay's pompous historicism is palpable: "we are more ready to believe the rhetorician Lacantius than the rhetorician Macaulay, and listen more complacently to the jingle of the latter's lays than to his judgment of the morals of ancient Rome" (p. 87).

$90.00

ELIXIR DE VIE. . . [manuscript caption title]
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ELIXIR DE VIE. . . [manuscript caption title]

By [Long Life Elixir]

[France, ca. 1760s]. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good. Bifolium, approximately 10 x 7 1/2 inches. [3]pp. of text. Early folds, light dampstains in corners, mild foxing. Very good, untrimmed, in a fine custom cloth folding case with printed paper label. 18th-century manuscript recipe for the “long life elixir” closely associated with a 17th-century Swedish doctor known variously as “Samst,” “Vornets,” “Xermet,” “Yerner,” “Yernest,” “Gernest,” and, here, “Guernai.” The recipe, which has ancient origins and a millennia-long history of revision and rediscovery, has been widely credited in its present form to the Swedish doctor at least since the 1760s, when several similar manuscripts and a handful of printed notices appeared throughout France. In a 2012 article in the REVUE D’HISTOIRE DE LA PHARMACIE, “<<Un>> ou… <<Le>> précieux manuscrit de <<L’élixir de longue vie>> nouvellement découvert,” Jean-Pierre Grelaud argues persuasively for a 1700-1710 date of another recently discovered—and, at this point, earliest known—comparable manuscript, suggesting a date no later than the turn of the 18th century for the death of the Swedish doctor. The true name of the doctor has never been conclusively determined, nor specific details (or proof) of his life uncovered. It is certain, however, that his formula either was derived from or shared common roots with recipes Paracelsus discussed during the 16th century. A consistent key element was Venetian theriac (here, “thériaque de Venise,” known also as “Venice treacle” and therica andromachi), which is usually thought to have originated in Greece, particularly with Andromachus the Elder of Crete, in the first century C.E. This compound traditionally contained viper flesh, scorpion venom, opium, and myrrh among its scores of ingredients and appears to have traveled as far as China in its first several centuries. The elixir of life, in general, appears to have origins as old as Babylon and was discussed extensively by European and Arabic alchemists, eventually attaching itself to the legends of Nicolas Flamel and the Comte de Saint Germain. Most early copies of the present version of the recipe inform us that the original manuscript was found in the papers of a Swedish doctor who died at an advanced age (almost invariably 104, but here 110) from a fall from a horse. The “secret” had existed in his family for “several centuries,” and daily consumption helped his grandfather, father, and mother live similarly long lives (in the present copy, to 130, 112, and 104 years, respectively). The handful of known 18th-century examples of the recipe are remarkably consistent regarding the elixir’s ingredients and their proportions, method of preparation, and uses. When there is variation among the lists of ingredients, it tends to occur in the proportion of aloe (this copy shows the greatest amount, at “un once et trois gros” to the single “gros” of most other elements) and rhubarb (here, a gros and a half) and in the specific names used for the different ingredients (e.g., “safran du levant” here is usually “le meilleur safran,” sometimes “d’orient” or “oriental”). Unique to the present manuscript is an interesting final paragraph referring to a “frere Nicolas de friardel,” presumably a monk at the Augustinian priory of Saint-Cyr at Friardel in Calvados, Lower Normandy. Brother Nicolas has mentioned that using the elixir regularly for two years has largely cured him of a “cruel gout” which had “robbed him of the use of his feet and hands.”

$1500.00