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Probability Books & Ephemera



    Ars Conjectandi, Opus Posthumum. Accedit Tractatus De Seriebus Infinitis, et Epistola Gallicè scripta de Ludo Pilae Reticularis by BERNOULLI, Jacob I

    Woodcut device on title, two folding printed tables, & one folding woodcut plate. Diagrams in the text. 2 p.l., 306, 35, [1] pp. 4to, cont. speckled sheep (upper joint with short crack, bookplate on blank portion of title patched, minor foxing), spine gilt, red leather lettering piece on spine. Basel: impensis Thurnisiorum, Fratrum, 1713. [bound with]: BERNOULLI, Nicolaus I. Dissertatio Inauguralis Mathematico-Juridica. De Usu Artis Conjectandi in Jure. 56 pp. 4to. Basel: J.C. Mechel, 1709. A most attractive sammelband. I. First edition of "the first systematic attempt to place the theory of probability on a firm basis and is still the foundation of much modern practice in all fields where probability is concerned - insurance, statistics and mathematical heredity tables."-Printing & the Mind of Man 179. II. First edition. Nicolaus I (1687-1759), nephew of Jacob I and Johann I and editor of the Ars Conjectandi, obtained the degree of doctor of jurisprudence with this dissertation on the application of the calculus of probability to questions of law. I believe this to be an important contribution to probability. Very good copies. ❧ I. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 110. D.S.B., II, pp. 46-51. Evans, Epochal Achievements, 8. Horblit 12. Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 21. II. D.S.B., II, pp. 56-57. Keynes, "Bibliography" in A Treatise on Probability, p. 435.



    The Doctrine of Chances: or, A Method of Calculating the Probability of Events in Play by MOIVRE, Abraham de

    Engraved vignette on title and engraved head- & tailpieces. 2 p.l., xiv, 175 pp. Large 4to, cont. mottled calf (expertly rebacked & recornered by Aquarius), spine richly gilt, red morocco lettering piece on spine. London: W. Pearson for the Author, 1718. First edition and a fine copy of this classic on the theory of probability; it is dedicated to Isaac Newton who was a personal friend of the author. "His work on the theory of probability surpasses anything done by any other mathematician except P.S. Laplace. His principal contributions are his investigations respecting the Duration of Play, his Theory of Recurring Series, and his extension of the value of Daniel Bernoulli's theorem by the aid of Stirling's theorem."-Cajori, A History of Mathematics, p. 230. Nice copy. ❧ Babson 181-"He was among the intimate friends of Newton, to whom this book is dedicated. It is the second book devoted entirely to the theory of probability and a classic on the subject." Stigler, The History of Statistics, pp. 70-85. Tomash M 114.



    WORLD OF PROBABILITY Statistics in Science by Diamond, Solomon

    New York: Basic Books, Inc.. 1964. Second Printing. Hardcover. Very Good in Very Good dust jacket; DJ is worn and torn at edges. ; B&W Illustrations; 193 pages .



    Probability Theory I (v. 1) by M. Loeve

    Springer, March 1977. Hardcover . Used - Good/No Jacket. Covers a little dirty. Some foxing on page edges and inside covers. Owner's name on inside front cover. Pages, covers and binding are in good condition. NOT A FORMER LIBRARY COPY. Satisfaction Guaranteed!!



    Probability Since 1800; interdisciplinary studies of scientific development; Workshop at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research of the University of Bielefeld, September 16-20, 1982. by HEIDELBERGER, Michael; Lorenz KRUEGER; Rosemarie RHEINWALD (eds.)

    Bielefeld:: Universitat Bielefeld, 1983., 1983. 21 cm. 507 pp. Typed manuscript with few figures. Red printed wrappers; extremities rubbed. Very good. ISBN: 388302605 Includes many papers: L.J. Daston, "Rational Individuals versus Laws of Society: From probability to statistics."; T.M. Porter, "Private Chaos, Public Order: The nineteenth-century statistical revolution," etc.



    The Empire of Chance; how probability changed science and everyday life. by GIGERENZER, Gerd; Zeno SWIJTINK; Theodore PORTER; Lorraine DASTON; John BEATTY; Lorenz KRUGER

    Cambridge:: Cambridge University Press, (1989)., 1989. First edition. Series: Ideas in context. 8vo. xvii, 340 pp. Illus., indexes. Gilt-stamped green cloth, dust-jacket; jacket slightly worn along edges. Near fine. [br] ISBN: 0521331153 FIRST EDITION. "This book tells how quantitative ideas of chance have transformed the natural and social sciences as well as everyday life over the past three centuries. A continuous narrative connects the earliest application of probability and statistics in gambling and insurance to the most recent forays into law, medicine, polling, and baseball. Separate chapters explore the theoretical and methodological impact on biology, physics, and psychology. In contrast to the literature on the mathematical development of probability and statistics, this book centers on how these technical innovations recreated our conceptions of nature, mind, and society" (Cambridge publishers).



    On the Theory of Probabilities, and in particular on Mitchell's Problem of the Distribution of the Fixed Stars" (Boole) and "Physical Demonstration of the Earth's Motion of Rotation" (Wheatstone) in The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 1,1851, pp. 521-530; 572-578 by Boole, George AND Wheatstone, Charles

    FIRST EDITION of George Boole's first paper on probability, marking his earliest published work on a subject he would continue to develop until in 1854 he published his highly influential  An Investigation of The Laws of Thought on which are founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities. Laws of Thought, as the work is known presents "probability theory as an excellent topic to illustrate the power of his algebra of logic" - an argument whose origins lie in this 1851 paper (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). On the Theory of Probabilities "seems to have been the first mention, by any author, of the close connection, both in essence and in form, between logic and probability and indeed of the dependence of the theory of probability on an underlying mathematical theory of logic" (MacHale, George Boole). Boole writes: "Although the immediate business of the theory of probabilities is with the frequency of the occurrence of events, and although it therefore borrows some of its elements from the science of number, yet as the expression of the occurrence of those events, and also of the relations, of whatever kind, which connect them, is the office of language, the common instrument of reason, so the theory of probabilities must bear some definite relation to logic" (Phil Mag, 1, 1851, p. 524). Boole's interest in probabilities had been sparked by reading a 1767 Philosophical Transactions paper by John Michell [also Mitchell], a natural philosopher and clergyman responsible for a number of important and visionary insights into astronomy, gravitation, and optics. In the Phil Trans paper entitled An Inquiry into the Probable Parallax and Magnitude of the Fixed Stars, Michell "estimates that if the stars were just scattered randomly on the celestial sphere then the probability that the Pleiades would be grouped together in the sky is 1 part in 500,000. So he concluded that the Pleiades must be a stellar system in its own right---this is the first known application of statistics to astronomy" (Detweiler, Newtonian Black Holes, 1998). The other spark to Boole's interest took the form of what he referred to as 'general doctrine...of the day' - a mathematical issue that appeared in a theological debate that had been making the rounds: "was the existence of multiple star systems due just to chance, or would such systems be so unlikely to form by chance that their observed existence 'proved' the intervention of a 'Creator'?" (Nahin, The Logician and the Engineer, 6.3). Given his interest in Michell's earlier work as well as the theological debate of his own contemporaries, in the 1851 paper Boole applies his theory of probabilities to the problem of the distribution of fixed stars. This problem had been "creating considerable discussion among mathematicians and astronomers. Professor Boole felt much interest in it, both because of its intrinsic importance, and because of its close connection with a class of speculations in the pursuit of which he had long been engaged" (Robert Vaughan and Henry Allon, The British Quarterly Review, vol 44).  Boole's paper articulates the origin of his thinking on probability and logic, marking the beginning of a thought process that would culminate in his seminal 1854 Laws of Thought. En route, he was able to answer to John Michell's fixed star problem. ALSO INCLUDED is Wheatstone's "Physical Demonstration of the Earth's Motion of Rotation," the first description in English of Foucault's famous pendulum experiment demonstrating and proving that the rotation of the earth. CONDITION & DETAILS: London: Taylor & Francis. (8.5 x 5.5 inches; 213 x 138mm). Complete. [viii], 592, [4]. Plates and in-text illustrations throughout. Ex-libris bearing a discreet stamp on the title page. Handsomely, solidly, and tightly bound in three quarter brown calf over marbled paper boards. Five gilt-ruled raised bands at the spine; gilt armorial devices in the compartments. Gilt-lettered red and black morocco spine labels. Very slight age toning within; bright and clean. Near fine condition.



    Theory of Probability: An Inquiry into the Logical and Mathematical Foundations of the Calculus of Probability by Reichenbach, Hans Reichenbach, Maria

    US: University of California Press, 1971. Reprint Series Edition 1971 from 1949 Copyright. Hardcover. Fair-/None. Library Reprint Ser. Green cloth boards, faded and worn at edges. Page edges are toned and dust dulled. Stamped page edges, red number stamp on verso of title page and adhesive residue to rear pastedown and fep indicate ex-library. 1-in. dampstain to top front gutter. This is not a pretty book but is good as a reading copy. Interior unmarked and binding sound. 8vo. Ships from US. BOOK INFO: 'The problem of probability...because of its intimate relation to the problem of induction, contains the nucleus of every theory of knowledge.' (-from the introduction) Includes index.



    Miscellanea Analytica de Seriebus et Quadraturis.. by [MOIVRE, Abraham de]

    Several woodcut diagrams in the text. 6 p.l., 250 pp., one leaf of errata. Large 4to, cont. calf (two corners a bit worn), double gilt fillet round sides, spine gilt, morocco lettering piece on spine. London: J. Tonson & J. Watts, 1730. [bound with]: -. [Drop-title]: Miscellaneis Analyticis Supplementum. 22 pp., one leaf of errata. N.p.: n.d. First edition of the de Moivre's "most important book" (D.N.B.), here bound with the rare Supplementum which is very often missing. The Miscellanea Analytica is the successor to The Doctrine of Chances and contains the first formulation of "De Moivre's Theorem," the formula for determining a normal approximation to a binomial distribution. This became "the most fruitful single instrument of discovery used in probability theory and statistics for the next two centuries."-D.S.B., IX, pp. 452-53. The Supplementum was published by de Moivre to answer criticisms made by James Stirling after the appearance of the Miscellanea. A very nice copy from the library of Haskell F. Norman with his bookplate. ❧ Stigler, The History of Statistics, pp. 70-77.



    Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Probability Theory: Sept. 12-18, 1971, Brasov, Romania by Bereanu, Bernard, et al, Eds

    Brasov, Romania. Brasov, Romania: Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste Romania. Very Good- in Very Good dust jacket. 1971. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Purple cloth covers with bright gilt titles to spine and front cover. Front hinge is starting, book is shaken. Binding is tight, pages are clean and unmarked. Dust jacket has light edgewear. Bound in salmon cloth with bright gilt titles to front cover and spine. . Approximately 85 papers appear here, on various aspects of probability theory, in abstracts and full texts. Articles are mostly in English, but also French and German. Most papers are highly mathematical. 644 pages. Scarce. . Small 4to 9" - 11" tall. 644 pages. F2 .



    Mathematics: Mechanics and Probability by L. & S. Chandler Bostock

    Stanley Thornes (Publishers) Ltd, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1990. Reprint. Softcover. As New/No Dust Jacket. This book is about Mechanics and the solving of mechanical problems with the help of Pure Mathematics. Mechanics, which deals with the effects that forces have on bodies, is a science. So the laws of Mechanics are scientific laws. They come from observation and experiments and so can never be considered as universally true. The most that can be said of several of these laws is that they agree with observed results to the extent that they are accurate enough for most purposes. Pure Mathematics, on the other hand, is an art and its theorems are universally true. When Pure Mathematics is used to solve a Mechanical problem it is important to distinguish clearly between the use of a scientific law and a mathematical theorem. Size: Octavo (standard book size). 658 pages. Binding is tight, covers and spine fully intact. Red titles spine;. Includes index. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: Under 1 kilogram. Category: Mathematics; Mechanics; Applied Mathematics; Probability; Mathematics. ISBN: 0859501418. ISBN/EAN: 9780859501415. Pictures of this item not already displayed here available upon request. Inventory No: 3358. . 9780859501415



    Opuscula Analytica by EULER, Leonhard

    Two folding engraved plates. 2 p.l., 363 pp.; 2 p.l., 346 pp. Two vols. Large 4to, early 19th-cent. half-sheep & green marbled boards, flat spine gilt, red leather lettering piece on spine. St. Petersburg: Typis Academiae Imperialis Scientiarum, 1783-85. First edition of this collection of 29 mathematical treatises by Euler; the first volume was published in the year of his death. This is a very uncommon book. "Containing important papers on the theory of numbers, including his famous 'Observationes circa Divisionem Quadratorum per Numeros primos', also 'de Criteriis Aequationis fxx + gyy = hzz, utrum ea Resolutionem admittat necne? Considerationes super Theoremate Fermatiano,' etc. etc."-Sotheran, 2nd Supp., 1464. Fine and fresh set from the library of the Dukes of Anhalt with their stamp on verso of each title. ❧ Keynes, A Treatise on Probability. Bibliography, p. 443.



    Introduction to Probability and Statistics: Study Guide and Solutions Manual by Mendenhall, William Beaver, Barbara M. Beaver, Robert J

    Duxbury, 1999-01-01. Paperback, Trade. Good. 0 Paperback - 10E - A (very) little highlighting and a few problems worked

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