Born November 9th, 1832 in the small town of Saujon, Charente-Maritime, France. He became the secretary of Paul FĂ©val and published some novels and writings before his highly successful L'Affaire Lerouge (1866), once of the first detective novels ever published. L'Affaire Lerouge introduced Monsieur Lecoq, a detective who would be featured in multiple later novels as well. In just 13 years Gaboriau wrote 21 novels and enjoyed much success as the 'father of the detective novel.'
Gaboriau died on September 28th,1873, in Paris, of a pulmonary apoplexy. He was just 40 years old.