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The Variation Of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

By Darwin, Charles




The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication is a book written by Charles Darwin that was first published in January 1868. A large proportion of the book contains detailed information on the domestication of animals and plants but it also contains in Chapter XXVII a description of Darwin's theory of heredity which he called pangenesis.


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

DARWIN, Charles.

London: John Murray, 1868. First edition. Hardcover. <p>First edition, first issue, presentation copy, trimmed for presentation and with a slip of paper with inscription “From the Author” <strong>in Darwin’s hand</strong> pasted to the front free endpaper. The term “survival of the fittest” (borrowed at Wallace’s insistence from Herbert Spencer’s 1866 <em>Principles of Biology</em>) first appeared in the <em>Variation </em>(vol. 1, p. 6), preceding its first use in the fifth edition of the <em>Origin of Species </em>(1869). “This represents the only section of Darwin’s big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime and corresponds to its first two intended chapters” (Freeman). “Its two volumes were intended to provide overwhelming evidence for the ubiquity of variation, although they would also incidentally answer Lyell and Gray, who maintained that variations had not occurred purely by chance but were providentially directed. Darwin showed that breeders indeed selected from a vast array of minute random variations. He gave numerous instances of the causes of variability, including the direct effect of the conditions of life, reversion, the effects of use and disuse, saltation, prepotency, and correlated growth. The <em>Variation </em>also addressed a key criticism of the <em>Origin of Species</em>: that it lacked an adequate understanding of inheritance” (<em>ODNB</em>). This work “contained his hypothesis of pangenesis, by means of which Darwin tried to frame an explanation of hereditary resemblance, inheritance of acquired characteristics, atavism, and regeneration. It was a brave attempt to account for a number of phenomena which were beyond the bounds of scientific knowledge in his day, such as fertilization by the union of sperm and egg, the mechanism of chromosomal inheritance, and the development of the embryo by successive cell division” (DSB). ABPC/RBH list only three other presentation copies of this first issue: Sotheby’s, 10 July 2012, £8750 = $13,660; Sir John Lubbock’s copy, Sotheby’s, 11 December 1992, £1500 = $2330 (hammer) − these two copies with presentation slip inscribed by Darwin as in the present copy − and Sotheby’s, 15 December 2011, £61,250 = $94,860, inscribed by Darwin to his daughter Henrietta. The most recent presentation copy on the market was offered by 19<sup>th</sup> Century Shop in 2014 (Cat. 150, $35,000), with the same paper slip inscribed “From the Author” by Darwin as in the present copy.</p> <p><em>Provenance</em>: Paper slip inscribed “From the Author” in Darwin’s hand pasted to front free endpaper, recipient unknown; James McBryde (bookplate on front paste-down), a Scottish chemist from near Stranraer, who co-founded an alkali firm in St Helens, Lancashire, which later merged with other chemical companies to become Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI). He owned a number of books on evolution, including several others by Darwin.</p> <p><em>On The Origin of Species</em> was only an abstract of the long manuscript Darwin had begun writing on 14 May 1856 which he originally intended to complete and publish as the formal presentation of his views on evolution. Compared with the <em>Origin,</em> this work, which was to be titled <em>Natural Selection</em>, has more abundant examples in illustration of Darwin's argument plus an extensive citation of sources. It had reached a length of over one quarter of a million words and was well over half completed when on 18 June 1858 Darwin’s writing was dramatically interrupted when he received an essay from Alfred Russel Wallace in Borneo entitled <em>On the Tendency of Species to form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection </em>outlining his astonishingly parallel but independently conceived theory of natural selection. Darwin felt obliged to change his plans for initial publication; and, after the brief preliminary announcement was presented jointly with Wallace’s paper at the Linnean Society of London, he rapidly wrote out in eight months the new abstract of his views which appeared as the <em>Origin of Species</em> in 1859. But he still planned to publish a more extensive account of his views on evolution, and he did not abandon his long manuscript, nor write on the unused backs of the sheets for drafting other new publications as he so often did with other manuscripts.</p> <p>“In the introduction [to <em>Origin of Species</em>, Darwin] announced that in a future publication he hoped to give “in detail all the facts, with references, on which my conclusions have been grounded.” On 9 January 1860, two days after the publication of the second edition of <em>Origin</em>, Darwin returned to his original <em>Natural Selection</em> manuscript and began expanding the first two chapters on “Variation under Domestication.” He had a large collection of additional notes and by the middle of June had written drafts of an introduction and two chapters on the domestication of pigeons that would eventually form part of <em>The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication</em>. Darwin apparently found writing the book tiresome and writes in his autobiography that he had been “tempted to publish on other subjects which at the time interested me more” …</p> <p>“Darwin continued to gather data. His own practical experiments were confined to plants but he was able to gather information from others by correspondence and even to arrange for some of his correspondents to conduct experiments on his behalf. In spite of protracted periods of illness, he made progress and in March 1865 wrote to his publisher, John Murray, saying that “Of present book I have 7 chapters ready for press & all others very forward, except the last & concluding one” (the book as finally published consisted of 28 chapters). In the same letter he discussed illustrations for the book.</p> <p>“Darwin had been mulling for many years on a theory of heredity. In May 1865 he sent a manuscript to his friend Thomas Huxley outlining his theory which he called pangenesis and asking whether he should publish it. In his accompanying letter Darwin wrote: “It is a very rash & crude hypothesis yet it has been a considerable relief to my mind, & I can hang on it a good many groups of facts.” Huxley pointed out the similarities of pangenesis to the theories of Georges-Louis LeClerc, Comte de Buffon, and the Swiss naturalist Charles Bonnet, but eventually wrote encouraging Darwin to publish: “Somebody rummaging among your papers half a century hence will find Pangenesis & say ‘See this wonderful anticipation of our modern Theories—and that stupid ass, Huxley, prevented his publishing them’”.</p> <p>“Just before Christmas 1866 all of the manuscript except for the final chapter was sent to the publisher. At the beginning of January, on receiving an estimate of the size of the two-volume book from the printers, he wrote to his publisher: “I cannot tell you how sorry I am to hear of the enormous size of my Book.” He subsequently arranged for some of the more technical sections to be set in smaller type.</p> <p>“Even at this late stage Darwin was uncertain as to whether to include a chapter on mankind. At the end of January he wrote to Murray: “I feel a full conviction that my Chapter on man will excite attention & plenty of abuse & I suppose abuse is as good as praise for selling a Book,” but he then apparently decided against the idea for a week later in a letter to his close friend Joseph Hooker he explained “I began a chapter on Man, for which I have long collected materials, but it has grown too long, & I think I shall publish separately a very small volume, ‘An essay on the origin of mankind’”. This “essay” would become two books: <em>The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex</em> (1871) and <em>The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals</em> (1872). The book had been advertised as early as 1865 with the unwieldy title <em>Domesticated Animals and Cultivated Plants, or the Principles of Variation, Inheritance, Reversion, Crossing, Interbreeding, and Selection under Domestication</em> but Darwin agreed to the shorter <em>The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication</em> suggested by the compositors …</p> <p>“Darwin received the first proofs on 1 March 1867. In the tedious task of making correction he was helped by his 23-year-old daughter Henrietta Emma Darwin. In the summer while she was away in Cornwall he wrote to commend her work, “All your remarks, criticisms doubts & corrections are excellent, excellent, excellent.” While making corrections Darwin also added new material. The proofs were finished on 15 November, but there was a further delay while William Dallas prepared an index. <em>The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication</em> went on sale on 30 January 1868, thirteen years after Darwin had begun his experiments on breeding and stewing the bones of pigeons. He was feeling deflated, and concerned about how these large volumes would be received, writing: “if I try to read a few pages I feel fairly nauseated ... The devil take the whole book.” In his autobiography he estimated that he had spent 4 years 2 months “hard labour” on the book.</p> <p>“The first volume of <em>The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication</em> consists in a lengthy and highly detailed exploration of the mechanisms of variation, including the principle of use and disuse, the principle of the correlation of parts, and the role of the environment in causing variation, at work in a number of domestic species. Darwin starts with dogs and cats, discussing the similarities between wild and domesticated dogs, and musing on how the species changed to accommodate man's wishes. He attempts to trace a genealogy of contemporary varieties (or “races”) back to a few early progenitors. These arguments, as well as many others, use the vast amount of data Darwin gathered about dogs and cats to support his overarching thesis of evolution through natural selection. He then goes on to make similar points regarding horses and donkeys, sheep, goats, pigs, cattle, various types of domesticated fowl, a large number of different cultivated plants, and, most thoroughly, pigeons.</p> <p>“Notably, in Chapter XXVII Darwin introduced his “provisional hypothesis” of pangenesis that he had first outlined to Huxley in 1865. He proposed that each part of an organism throws off minute invisible particles which he called gemmules. These were capable of generating a similar part of an organism, thus gemmules from a foot could generate a foot. The gemmules circulated freely around the organism and could multiply by division. In sexual reproduction they were transmitted from parents to their offspring with the mixing of the gemmules producing offspring with ‘blended’ characteristics of the parents. Gemmules could also remain dormant for several generations before becoming active. He also suggested that the environment might affect the gemmules in an organism and thus allowed for the possibility of the Lamarckian inheritance of acquired characteristics. Darwin believed that his theory could explain a wide range of phenomena:</p> <p>All the forms of reproduction graduate into each other and agree in their product; for it is impossible to distinguish between organisms produced from buds, from self-division, or from fertilised germs ... and as we now see that all the forms of reproduction depend on the aggregation of gemmules derived from the whole body, we can understand this general agreement. It is satisfactory to find that sexual and asexual generation ... are fundamentally the same. Parthenogenesis is no longer wonderful; in fact, the wonder is that it should not oftener occur.</p> <p>“In the final pages of the book Darwin directly challenged the argument of divinely guided variation advocated by his friend and supporter the American botanist Asa Gray. He used the analogy of an architect using rocks which had broken off naturally and fallen to the foot of a cliff, asking: “Can it be reasonably maintained that the Creator intentionally ordered ... that certain fragments should assume certain shapes so that the builder might erect his edifice?” In the same way, breeders or natural selection picked those that happened to be useful from variations arising by “general laws”, to improve plants and animals, “man included”. Darwin concluded with: “However much we may wish it, we can hardly follow Professor Asa Gray in his belief that ‘variation has been along certain beneficial lines,’ like a 'stream along definite and useful lines of irrigation’”. Darwin confided to Hooker: “It is foolish to touch such subjects, but there have been so many allusions to what I think about the part which God has played in the formation of organic beings, that I thought it shabby to evade the question.”</p> <p>“Darwin was concerned whether anyone would read the massive volumes and was also anxious to receive feedback from his friends on their views on pangenesis. In October 1867 before the book was published he sent copies of the corrected proofs to Asa Gray with the comment: “The chapter on what I call Pangenesis will be called a mad dream, and I shall be pretty well satisfied if you think it a dream worth publishing; but at the bottom of my own mind I think it contains a great truth.” He wrote to Hooker: “I shall be intensely anxious to hear what you think about Pangenesis,” and to the German naturalist Fritz Müller: “The greater part, as you will see, is not meant to be read; but I should very much like to hear what you think of ‘Pangenesis’.” Few of Darwin’s colleagues shared his enthusiasm for pangenesis. Wallace was initially supportive and Darwin confided to him: “None of my friends will speak out, except to a certain extent Sir H. Holland, who found it very tough reading, but admits that some view ‘closely akin to it’ will have to be admitted.”</p> <p>“By the end of April <em>Variation</em> had received more than 20 reviews. An anonymous review by George Henry Lewes in the <em>Pall Mall Gazette</em> praised its “noble calmness ... undisturbed by the heats of polemical agitation” which made the far from calm Darwin laugh, and left him “cock-a-hoop” … De Vries in 1889 praised the “masterly survey of the phenomena to be explained” and accepted the idea that “the individual hereditary qualities of the whole organism are represented by definite material particles.” He introduced the notion of <em>intracellula pangenesis</em> which, following August Weismann, rejected the idea that these particles were thrown off from all the cells of the body. He called the particles “pangens”, later abbreviated to “gene.” In a similar vein, Weismann in his 1893 work <em>Germ-Plasm</em> said: “although Darwin modestly described his theory as a provisional hypothesis, his was, nevertheless, the first comprehensive attempt to explain all the known phenomena of heredity by a common principle ... [I]n spite of the fact that a considerable number of these assumptions are untenable, a part of the theory still remains which must be accepted as fundamental and correct − in principle at any rate − not only now but for all time to come”” (Wikipedia, accessed 16 November 2016).</p> <p>“The first edition in English, of 1868, was in two volumes demy octavo, the only Murray Darwin to appear in this format, and it occurs in two issues. 1,500 copies of the first were published on January 30th, having been held up for the completion of the index. Murray had sold 1,250 at his autumn sale in the previous year and <em>Life and Letters </em>(Vol. III, p. 99) states that the whole issue was sold out in a week. This statement must mean that the booksellers had taken them up, because there was no method of knowing whether the public had actually bought them. The second, of 1,250 copies, was issued in February. The title pages are identical and neither the cases nor the inserted advertisements are certain means of distinguishing them. They are most easily distinguished by their errata. In the first issue there are five on page vi of Vol. I, and nine in seven lines on page viii of Vol. II. In the second all these have been corrected, but a single new one is given on page vi of Vol. I. The two issues have considerable textual differences …</p> <p>“The text was extensively altered for the second edition of 1875, and the format was reduced to the usual crown octavo … The last Murray edition, which was reset and had the illustrations transferred to twenty-four plates, appeared in 1905. In America, the first edition, based on the first English, appeared from Orange Judd in 1868. It is based on the second London issue and has a short preface explaining this, as well as three pages of factual corrections date March 28, 1868 … The book was translated into French, German, Italian and Russian in Darwin's lifetime, and into a further four languages since” (Freeman).</p> <p>“Darwin sent fifty presentation copies to the people who had helped him, including John Jenner Weir, [Sir John] Lubbock, [William Bernhardt] Tegetmeier, John Scott, Fritz Müller, James Paget, his children William and Henrietta, and his nephew Edmund Langton, who had fed goldfish and trapped spiders on his behalf. One went to an unidentified colleague, personally inscribed with the words “With very kind regards from his friend and opponent the Author.” Others were transported by steamship and camel train to India, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand” (Browne, <em>Charles Darwin</em>, Vol. 2, p. 286).</p> <p>This copy is trimmed and in the special publisher’s presentation binding. Darwin detested having to open the top edges of his books with knives and, in his later years, demanded that his publisher produce a very small number of trimmed copies for presentation purposes. Francis Darwin wrote, “This was a favourite reform of my father’s. He wrote to the <em>Athenaeum </em>on the subject, Feb. 5, 1867, pointing out that a book cut, even carefully, with a paper knife collects dust on its edges far more than a machine-cut book … He tried to introduce the reform in the case of his own books but found the conservatism of booksellers too strong for him. The presentation copies of all his later books were sent out with the edges cut” (<em>Life and Letters</em>). In this copy the text block measures 216 x 134 mm, compared to an ordinary uncut copy 221 x 138 mm.</p> <p>Freeman 877; Garrison-Morton 224.1; Norman 597.</p> Two volumes (215 x 137 mm), demy octavo. Special presentation binding of original publisher’s green cloth, blind-panelled covers, spines gilt with imprint at foot in one line, dark green coated endpapers, Edmonds & Remnants label at end of vol. I, 43 woodcuts in the text, 32 pages of publisher’s advertisements dated April 1867 to rear of vol. I, one page dated February 1868 to vol. II, errata as described by Freeman identifying the first issue. Minor spotting to first two leaves in each volume, otherwise fine and clean throughout. Very minor wear to bindings, in general fine, tight and completely unrestored.

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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication ( 1888 ) - Poland First Edition

Charles Darwin

Poland, 1888. 1st Edition. Used. Poland, 1888 1st Edition Used (For more details, please contact me)

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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

DARWIN, CHARLES

London: John Murray, 1868. Original Cloth. Very Good. First edition, first issue. Two octavo volumes. 411pp. + 32pp ads dated april, 1867 & 496pp. + (2)pp ads dated February, 1868. Illustrated. Original green cloth titled in gilt on spine, dark green endpapers. Amoral book plate of J.A. J. Barclay with owner's penciled signature on title page Vol. I and on front free end paper Vol.II. Original green cloth bindings with some fraying to ends of spines without loss, corners bumped, and minor wear to covers and edges of boards. Some break in paper along inner hinges. Text is generally free of foxing, only minor spotting on front free end paper and title page of Vol. II. This is a scarce first issue of this significant work on artificial animal and plant selection as well as Darwin's hypothesis of pangenesis (Freeman). As noted also by Freeman, "This (book) represents the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime and corresponds to its first two intended chapters." (Freeman - Darwin, 877; Casey Wood,p.310; Pritzel, 2060.)

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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication

DARWIN, Charles

London: John Murray, 1868. FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE. With several text illustrations. Original publisher's green cloth, a few small bumps, minor wear to boards; approximately 2 inches of the top of the fly-leaf of both volumes cut out. Generally a very nice set, uncut, with the presentation bookplate of the University of Southern California Messrs. Milton and Stanley Slotkin in each volume, ownership signature on the title to Volume II. First edition, first issue of Darwin's great contribution to the descent theory, and the foundation on which all later racial-biological research was based. This work expands in detail material that Darwin had intended to include in his Origin. The most novel element in the work is Darwin's hypothesis of pangenesis, by which he attempts to explain hereditary resemblance, inheritance of acquired characteristics, atavism and regeneration. Although proven invalid, this theory was nevertheless of prime importance in the history of genetics. "Darwin carried out numerous investigations with pigeons and various plants. He recognized continuous and discontinuous variation; he concluded that crossing tends to keep populations uniform" (G&M).

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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

DARWIN, Charles.

London: John Murray,, 1868. 2 volumes, octavo (221 x 144 mm). Contemporary half calf, rebacked, twin red and green morocco labels and raised bands to spines, marbled sides, endpapers and edges. Illustrations in the text. Ownership inscription to title page in pencil. Extremities a little worn, occasional pale foxing to text block. An excellent copy. First edition, first issue, with the relevant issue points as called for by Freeman. The first issue, consisting of 1,500 copies, was published in January 1868 and was followed by a second the next month. The majority of the work consists of details about artificial selection and domestication of animals and plants but it also includes Darwin's provisional hypothesis of pangenesis in Chapter XXVII. "The term 'survival of the fittest' (borrowed at Wallace's insistence from Herbert Spencer's 1866 Principles of Biology) first appeared in the Variation and in the fifth edition of the Origin of Species (1869)" (ODNB).

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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication.

Darwin, Charles

London: John Murray, 1868. Hardcover. fine. 1st Edition 1st Issue. viii,411pp. + 32pp. Catalog (dated April, 1867);viii.486pp. + [2]pp. ads (dated February, 1868)pp. 2 volumes Octavo in original green cloth and black endpapers with 43 woodcut illustrations of animals and plants in text. A very attractive copy. Freeman 877 First edition first issue. With five lines errata in Vol. I and 7 lines errata in volume II. The first issue being an edition of 1,500 copies and being the only Murray printing to be demi octavo. "Variation" being the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime, and corresponds to the first two intended chapters. The inserted ads are the first issue being dated April 1867 in Vol. 1 and Feb. 1867 in Vol. 2. 1868

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Price: $2,466.00


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VARIATION OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS UNDER DOMESTICATION

Darwin Charles

London: John Murray, 1888. 2 volumes. Second edition, sixth thousand, a very early printing of this important edition revised. With all Illustrations as called for throughout. 8vo, publisher’s original green cloth, decorative borders in blind on the covers, the spine lettered and decorated with a small tool and ornate bands at the spine tips in gilt. xiv, 473, [1]; x, 495, [32 ad catalogue] pp. An excellent set, especially well preserved and quite fine, bright and clean, unusually so, in fact it is still partially unopened and with only a small abrasion to the free-fly being the only evidence of use. Finding these in such nice condition is rare for academic books. A FINE SET, SCARCE IN THIS CONDITION, AND AN IMPORTANT WORK. The second edition is very important in that Darwin made a number of corrections, but more importantly he reworked Chapter XXVII on Pangenesis. This work "represents the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime and corresponds to its first two intended chapters. It contains, in Chapter XXVII, his provisional hypothesis of pangenesis; one which he thought was new, but has a long back history" (Freeman 877). The first work to truly discuss the actual origin and development of species as an accepted scientific method. The second part of his 'big book' was not published until 1875, under the title NATURAL SELECTION. It was in this work that Darwin attempted his finalization of the understanding or pangenesis and an explanation of acquired characteristics and hereditary resemblance. These subjects were near to impossible to explain in Darwin’s time as scientific methodology and technology had simply not developed to the point at which finite and provable studies on genes and chromosomes could be explored.

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VARIATION OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS UNDER DOMESTICATION

Darwin Charles

London: John Murray, 1899. 2 volumes. Second edition, eighth impression, a very early reissue of an important edition revised. With illustrations throughout. 8vo, original polished green cloth gilt lettered and decorated on the spines, paneled in blind on the covers. xiv, 473, [1]; x, 495, 32 catalogue pp. A very handsome set, beautifully preserved and unusually fresh in the original bright and unfaded cloth, still with the gilt bright and strong in colour, a tight and clean copy. A HANDSOME SET OF THIS HIGHLY IMPORTANT WORK. The second edition is very important in that Darwin made a number of corrections, but more importantly he reworked Chapter XXVII on Pangenesis. This work "represents the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime and corresponds to its first two intended chapters. It contains, in Chapter XXVII, his provisional hypothesis of pangenesis; one which he thought was new, but has a long back history" (Freeman 877). The first work to truly discuss the actual origin and development of species as an accepted scientific method. The second part of his 'big book' was not published until 1875, under the title NATURAL SELECTION. It was in this work that Darwin attempted his finalization of the understanding or pangenesis and an explanation of acquired characteristics and hereditary resemblance. These subjects were near to impossible to explain in Darwin’s time as scientific methodology and technology had simply not developed to the point at which finite and provable studies on genes and chromosomes could be explored.

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The variation of animals and plants under domestication

DARWIN, Charles

1875 Charles Darwin Variation Under Domestication Biology Plant Evolution 2v "One general law, leading to the advancement of all organic beings, namely, multiply, vary, let the strongest live and the weakest die." ― Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species In the summer of 1858, Darwin felt pressured by other scientific research, to publish his evolutionary ideas, before others who had similar findings. He began writing according to his big book of 'Natural Selection' – the source for 'Variation.' According to Freeman, "This represents the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was published in his lifetime and corresponds to its first two chapters." (Freeman) When completed, 'Variation' was by far Darwin's biggest book to date. In fact, when he sent it to the printer, he wrote a personal letter to Murray apologizing for the size. "I cannot tell you how sorry I am to hear o the enormous size of my Book" Because of this, portions of the original manuscript were left out including an important section on man. That portion would eventually become two more of Darwin's famous titles 'Descent of Man' and 'Expression of Emotions in Man.' 'Variation' deals primarily with information on how to domesticate animals and plants, benefits, and consequences. It also contains one chapter consisting of Darwin's own theory of heredity which he called pangenesis. According to Freeman, on this 1875 edition, "The text was extensively altered for the second edition of 1875, and the format was reduced to the usual crown octavo." Item number: #8242 Price: $750 DARWIN, Charles The variation of animals and plants under domestication London : J. Murray, 1875/1888. Details: · Collation: Complete with all pages o 2 volumes o Vol. 1: [xiv], 473 o Vol 2: [x], 495, [32] · References: Freeman 877, 878 · Language: English · Binding: Cloth; tight and secure · Size: ~8in X 5.5in (20cm x 14cm) Our Guarantee: Very Fast. Very Safe. Free Shipping Worldwide. Customer satisfaction is our priority! Notify us with 7 days of receiving, and we will offer a full refund without reservation! 8242Photos available upon request.

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Price: $750.00


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The variation of animals and plants under domestication

DARWIN, Charles

London: John Murray, 1888. In two volumes. xiv, 473, [1]; x, 495, [1], With numerous engraved illustrations in the text. and a 32pp publisher's advertisement catalogue to Vol. II. Very slight rubbing a marking to extremities. Contemporary inked ownership inscriptions of S. H. Hammond to FEPs, else internally clean and crisp. A crisp copy of the revised edition of naturalist Charles Darwin's (1809-1882) study of variation within plants and animals caused by the modification of species by breeders and horticulturists. First published in 1868, the work is notable for containing the first appearance of the term 'survival of the fittest (along with the fifth edition Origin of Species (1869)) as a substitute for Darwin's more anthropomorphic 'natural selection'; and the first expression of his theory of Pangenesis, the inheritance of acquired characteristics. Freeman F889.. Second edition, sixth thousand. 8vo.

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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Darwin, Charles

Two volume FIRST AMERICAN EDITION of "ONE OF DARWIN'S MOST INFLUENTIAL AND WIDE-RANGING BOOKS. IT IS ALSO HIS LONGEST AND MOST DETAILED WORK" (Freeman, The Works of Charles Darwin, 879). It is also "the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime and corresponding to its first two intended chapters" (ibid). Darwin's intent was "to provide overwhelming evidence for the ubiquity of variation" (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). "This work is notable not only for Darwin's prodigious amassing of facts concerning artificial selection of traits to demonstrate an analogy for natural selection. It also advances his hypothesis of pangenesis and gemmules, as the agents of the inheritance of characteristics" (DSB). Darwin's hypothesis of pangenesis, "here expounded for the first time" (Freeman). Was the by "means of which [he] tried to frame an explanation of hereditary resemblance, inheritance of acquired characters, atavism, and regeneration. It was a brave attempt to account for a number of phenomena which were beyond the bounds of scientific knowledge in his day, such as fertilization by the union of sperm with egg, the mechanism of chromosomal inheritance, and the development of the embryo by successive cell division. His hypothesis of pangenesis could not therefore give a permanently acceptable account of the multitude of phenomena it was designed to explain. It was, however, a point of departure for particulate theories of inheritance in the latter nineteenth century' (DSB, Freeman). "Other chapters consider "the amount and nature of the changes which animals or plants have undergone whilst under man's dominion", employing observations of inheritance within a species in an effort to understand the causes of variability" (ibid). While, as said, Darwin's two volumes "were intended to provide overwhelming evidence for the ubiquity of variation" they also "incidentally answer[ed] Lyell and Gray, who maintained that variations had not occurred purely by chance but were providentially directed. Darwin showed that breeders indeed selected from a vast array of minute random variations. He gave numerous instances of the causes of variability, including the direct effect of the conditions of life, reversion, the effects of use and disuse, saltation, prepotency, and correlated growth" (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). CONDITION & DETAILS: Two volumes. Complete. 8vo (18.7 x 12.2 cm). Vol. I: [6], x, [494], 14 Vol. II: [4],viii, [568], 12. Solidly bound in original publisher's green cloth; gilt-lettered at the spine. Scuffing at the edges with minor chipping at the head and foot of the spine. Clean and bright throughout both volumes. Very good.

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Price: $600.00


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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Charles Darwin

Orange Judd & Co, 1868. Hardcover. Very Good. 2 volume set. Orange Judd & Co, 1868, 1st American printing. 8vo. Green cloth with gold lettering. Suitable for a gift. Clean, unmarked pages. Near fine binding and cover. Hardcover. Please see our pictures. (Freeman 879)

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Price: $573.30


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication

Darwin, Charles

Vol. 1: iv, 494 pages, (6); Vol. 2: 568 pages (8).Freeman 879 - First American Edition with a preface by Asa Gray. Previous owner's signature on flyleaf, dated 1874, as well as another previous owner's stamp and a bookstore (Acres of Books) stamp in volume 2. No other library marks except label on spine.Proceeds from the sale of this book go to The Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles

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Price: $550.00


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication

DARWIN, Charles

London: John Murray, 1882.. Second edition, fifth thousand, two volumes, 8vo. 43 illustrations in the text. Original gilt titled green cloth, very mild rubbing to corners otherwise a lovely set. Freeman 883.

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Price: £ 400.00
($522.56)


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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication.

DARWIN, Charles.

London: John Murray. 1875. Second edition, revised; fourth thousand. Two volumes, 8vo. With illustrations. [I] xiv, 474pp, 43 illustrations. [II] x, 496pp, 32pp publisher's catalogue (Jan 1876). Includes a table of Principal Additions and Corrections. Original green cloth, blind rules, spine lettered in gilt; extremities slightly rubbed. Small blind stamp of Walch & Birchalls, Booksellers, Launceston at the top corner of the dark brown front free endpaper. <br> <br>****One section of the first volume (pp67-78) a little loose. Otherwise a very good clean set. ***First published 1868. .

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Price: AUD $675.00
($465.55)


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication ( 1868 ) - Russia First Edition

Charles Darwin

Russia, 1868. 1st Edition. Used. Russia, 1868 1st Edition Used (For more details, please contact me)

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Price: € 350.00
($395.78)


The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Darwin, Charles

London: John Murray (Printed by William Clowes and Sons) 1890, 2nd edition, revised; seventh thousand. (hardcover) xiv, 473pp, [1]; x, 495pp. Good. Two volumes. 12mo. In original green cloth; lettering and decorative device in gilt to spine; decorative bands in gilt at head and heel of spine; top and bottom boards with simple blindstamped decorative borders. Cloth rubbed, most pronounced at edges; cloth chipping at head and heel of spine. Edges of vol.II dirtied, most prominent on fore-edge. Plain brown EPs. Both volumes with remnants of previously removed label (bookplate?) to ffep. Previous owner's signature at head of first blanco of each volume. Library rubber stamps in vol.I to first blanco, preface page, p.vii, list of illustrations, p.97, and final page (p.473). Library rubber stamps in vol.II to first blanco, title page, first contents page, and verso-rfep. Occasional leaf with creased corner. Vol.II starting at front gutter and p.464 / 465; all entirely secure. Textblock clean and square. Illustrated throughout; tables. An early printing of this important edition, revised by Charles Darwin. Of all the corrections which Darwin made for this edition, the reworking of his provisional hypothesis of pangenesis in Ch.27 is especially important..

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Price: CAD $500.00
($388.25)


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Charles Darwin

2010-06-03. New. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $213.25


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication ( 1960 ) - Hungary First Edition

Charles Darwin

Hungary, 1960. 1st Edition. Used. Hungary, 1960 1st Edition Used (For more details, please contact me)

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Price: € 180.00
($203.54)


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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Darwin, Charles

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1897. Hardcover. Very Good. Two volumes. 473 p.; 494 p. Authorized edition. Illustrated. Very Good condition. Clean pages. Scratching to marbled cloth; wear to crimson cloth at heads. Bumped corners with exposed tips. 1913 bookplates on paste downs.

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Price: $200.00


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Charles Darwin

2010-06-03. New. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $196.75


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication

Darwin, Charles

John Murray. Used - Very Good. 2Vols. 1875 2nd. ed.4th thousand. Ex library with usual markings.Tape labels at bottom of spine.original green embossed cloth.all corners bumped and worn, cloth at top and botton of spine worn. Endpapers through to title pages foxed. Text is unmarked. For pictures/information please message us. Ships from UK in 48 hours or less (usually same day). Your purchase helps support the African Children's Educational Trust (A-CET). Book has been well cared for. 100% money back guarantee. We are a world class secondhand bookstore based in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom and specialize in high quality textbooks across an enormous variety of subjects. We aim to provide a vast range of textbooks, rare and collectible books at a great price. Through our work with A-CET we have helped give hundreds of young people in Africa the vital chance to get an education. We provide a 100% money back guarantee and are dedicated to providing our customers with the highest standards of service in the bookselling industry.

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Price: £ 150.00
($195.96)


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. [Complete in 2 Volumes]

Darwin, Charles.

New York: D. Appleton. Authorized Edition and Second Edition. Complete in 2 volumes. Half-bound in rust leather and marbled paper-covered boards. Vol. 1: Few small spots on spine, Very Good. Vol. 2: Chipping at head of spine, Very Good. . Very Good. Hardcover. 1896.

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Price: $180.00


The variation of animals and plants under domestication

Charles Darwin

J. Murray, January 1885. Hardcover. Acceptable. volume 2 only; half inch tear at front top of spine; green covers bowed together at front; pencil writing on 2nd and 3rd blank pages; good gilt titles to spine; some pencil marking to text

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Price: $176.48


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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Charles Darwin

2009-11-18. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $153.23


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Volume 1)

Charles Darwin

2007-10-01. New. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $127.23


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Charles Darwin

2010-06-03. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $125.45


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Volume 2)

Charles Darwin

2007-10-01. New. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $121.33


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Charles Darwin

2010-06-03. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $111.57


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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Charles Darwin

2009-11-13. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $110.36


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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Charles Darwin

2009-09-29. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $110.36


Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication (The Works of Charles Darwin)

Charles Darwin

Ams Pr Inc, 1972-06-01. Hardcover. Good.

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Price: $109.71


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Volume 1)

Charles Darwin

2007-10-01. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $103.12


The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication (two volumes).

DARWIN, Charles.

NY:: D. Appleton and Company,. Very Good. 1896. Hardcover. B00CNVFD6A . Complete in two volumes. With illustrations. Second edition, revised (authorized edition). Octavos, half bound in burgundy leather with gilt lettering on the spines, marbled boards, top edges gilt. Age darkened along the spines, moderate edge wear, else both volumes are very good. Some unopened pages. Bindings are solid. .

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Price: $100.00


Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication

Charles Darwin

Ams Pr Inc, 1972-06-01. Hardcover. Good.

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Price: $97.37


The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication 2-Volume Set

Darwin Charles Charles Darwin

Cambridge University Press CUP . softcover. New. pp. 922

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Price: $96.18


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Volume 1)

Charles Darwin

Echo Library, 2007-10-01. Paperback. Good.

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Price: $95.96


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Volume 2)

Charles Darwin

2007-10-01. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $88.63


The variation of animals and plants under domestication

Charles Darwin

D. Appleton and company, 1897. Hardcover. Good. Good hardcovers. No DJs. 2 VOLUME SET. ORIGINAL 1897 EDITION (2nd edition). Ex-Library with usual markings. Text is clean and unmarked. Slightly tanned. Covers show light edge wear with rubbing. Burgundy cloth w/gilt lettering on spine. Bindings tight, hinges strong.; 100% Satisfaction Guaranteed! Ships same or next business day!

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Price: $83.94


image of The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication - Vol. II.

The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication - Vol. II.

Charles Darwin

2009-07-24. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!

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Price: $81.38


The Variation of Animals and plants Under Domestication (TWO VOLUMES)

Darwin, Charles

London: John Murray, 1905. TWO VOLUMES, 1905 popular edition with illustrations. Bound in the original Murray lime green cloth Cloth with some wear, rubbing and darkening. Some fading of the gilt to the spine. Some light spotting of the endpapers. Internally, text block is generally tight, clean and bright. . Orginal Cloth. Good. 8vo.

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Price: £ 60.00
($78.38)


Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication [FULL LEATHER BOUND]

Darwin, Charles,

2019. SUPER DELUXE EDITION. New. Antique look with Golden Leaf Printing and embossing with round Spine completely handmade binding(extra customization on request like Color Leather, Colored book, special gold leaf printing etc.) Reprinted in 2019 with the help of original edition published long back. This book is printed in black & white, sewing binding for longer life, Printed on high quality Paper, re-sized as per Current standards, professionally processed without changing its contents. As these are old books, we processed each page manually and make them readable but in some cases some pages which are blur or missing or black spots. If it is multi volume set, then it is only single volume, if you wish to order a specific or all the volumes you may contact us. We expect that you will understand our compulsion in these books. We found this book important for the readers who want to know more about our old treasure in old look so we brought it back to the shelves. Hope you will like it and give your comments and suggestions. Lang: - eng. EXTRA 10 DAYS APART FROM THE NORMAL SHIPPING PERIOD WILL BE REQUIRED. (Normal Hardbound Edition is also available on request.)

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Price: $76.95


Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication [SUPER DELUXE EDITION]

Darwin, Charles,

2019. SUPER DELUXE EDITION. New. Antique look with Golden Leaf Printing and embossing with round Spine completely handmade binding(extra customization on request like Color Leather, Colored book, special gold leaf printing etc.) Reprinted in 2019 with the help of original edition published long back. This book is printed in black & white, sewing binding for longer life, Printed on high quality Paper, re-sized as per Current standards, professionally processed without changing its contents. As these are old books, we processed each page manually and make them readable but in some cases some pages which are blur or missing or black spots. If it is multi volume set, then it is only single volume, if you wish to order a specific or all the volumes you may contact us. We expect that you will understand our compulsion in these books. We found this book important for the readers who want to know more about our old treasure in old look so we brought it back to the shelves. Hope you will like it and give your comments and suggestions. Lang: - eng. EXTRA 10 DAYS APART FROM THE NORMAL SHIPPING PERIOD WILL BE REQUIRED. (Normal Hardbound Edition is also available on request.)

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Price: $76.95


Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication (The Works of Charles Darwin)

Darwin, Charles

Ams Pr Inc. Used - Good. Ships from Reno, NV. Former Library book. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. 100% Money Back Guarantee. Shipped to over one million happy customers. Your purchase benefits world literacy!

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Price: $75.37


Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication (The Works of Charles Darwin)

Darwin, Charles

Ams Pr Inc. Used - Good. Ships from the UK. Former Library book. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. 100% Money Back Guarantee. Your purchase also supports literacy charities.

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Price: $73.90


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Darwin, Charles

Cambridge University Press. PAPERBACK. 1108014232 Special order direct from the distributor . New.

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Price: $72.68


The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Darwin, Charles

Cambridge University Press. PAPERBACK. 1108014232 New Condition. . New.

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Price: $69.95


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The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (Cambridge Library Collection - Darwin, Evolution and Genetics)

Darwin, Charles

Cambridge University Press. PAPERBACK. 1108014224 Special order direct from the distributor . New.

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Price: $65.54


Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication (two volumes)

DARWIN, Charles

NY:: D. Appleton and Company,. Very Good. 1897. Hardcover. Complete in two volumes. With illustrations. Second edition, revised (authorized edition). Octavos, bound in burgundy cloth with gilt lettering along the spines, top edges gilt. Fading along the spines, else both volumes are very good. Some unopened pages. Bindings are solid. .

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Price: $65.00


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Price: $60.83