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Lasers Books & Ephemera



    Semiconductor Lasers and Heterojunction Leds (Quantum electronics--principles and applications) by Henry Kressel

    1977-08-03. Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!



    On the laws which regulate the polarisation of light by reflection from transparent bodies in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Volume 105, 1815, Parts I and II, pp. 125-159 WITH An Essay towards the Calculus of Functions Part I and II (Babbage) in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Volume 105, 1816 Part I pp. 1-22, 23-24 AND Volume 106, 1816 Part II 179-256 WITH On the Fire-Damp of Coal Mines, and on Methods of Lighting the Mines So as to Prevent Its Explosion (Davy) in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Volume 106, 1816, pp. 1-22, 23-24, & An Account of an Invention for Giving Light in Explosive Mixtures of Fire-Damp in Coal Mines, by Consuming the Fire-Damp(Davy) by Brewster, David WITH Babbage, Charles WITH Davy Humphrey

    FIRST EDITION, FIRST PRESENTATION of 'Brewster's Angle, "one of Brewster's most important contributions to the science of physics" (Molecular Expressions Website). David Brewster's work on polarization of light by reflection and biaxial crystals "is important for several reasons" (Young, Optics and Lasers, 241). "First, many lasers use Brewster windows inside the cavity to reduce reflection loss. Brewster windows are important in low-gain lasers such as helium-neon lasers, where a few percent loss can completely inhibit laser action, and in high-power lasers, where antireflection coatings would be destroyed by the intense beam. "If unpolarized light is shone on a surface at Brewster's angle, the refracted wave will be partially polarized because the reflectance at Brewster's angle is 0 only for waves whose electric-field vectors lie in the plane of incidence. Waves whose electric-field vectors are perpendicular to the plane of incidence exhibit about 15% reflectance from a glass surface. A beam that passes through a number of plates of glass at Brewster's angle will be nearly 100% plane-polarized with its electric field in the plane of incidence. Polarizers made of a pile of plates are useful in laser applications where other polarizers would be damaged by the laser" (ibid). ALSO INCLUDED: First edition of the first announcement and description of an invention some have argued rescued the Industrial Revolution, Humphrey Davy's Safety Lamp. ALSO INCLUDED: First editions of Charles Babbage's first papers as well as his most important contribution to mathematics, the calculus of functions. CONDITION & DETAILS: Philosophical Transactions Volume for the year MDCCCXV (1815) and MDCCCXVI (1816) Ex-libris bearing only a miniscule "Athenaeum Library, Liverpool" stamp and at the foot (margin) of some of the plates. Quarto. (10.5 x 8.5 inches; 263 x 408mm). [12], 446, [20]; Volume 106 [14], 366, [12]. Volume I includes 8 page index. 16 copperplate engravings; Volume II includes and 8 page index and 21 copperplate engravings. The construction of Davy's lamp is depicted in one of the plates. Full volumes, complete. Handsomely rebound in aged calf. 5 raised bands at the spine, each gilt-ruled; gilt-tooled fleur de lis at the spine. Red and black, gilt-lettered spine labels. Tightly and solidly bound. New endpapers. Occassional light toning and foxing. By any measure, near fine condition.



    Molecular Microwave Oscillator and New Hyperfine Structure in the Microwave Spectrum + Van Hove, Léon. Correlations in Space and Time and Born Approximation Scattering in Systems of Interacting Particles in Physical Review 95, Number 1, July 1, 1954, pp. 282-284; pp.249-262 by Gordon, J. P.; Zeiger, H. J.; and Townes, C. H. + Van Hove, Leon

    FIRST EDITION IN ORIGINAL PAPER WRAPS OF THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNING CONSTRUCTION OF THE FIRST AMPLIFICATION AND GENERATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES BY STIMULATED EMISSION -- THE FIRST AMMONIA MASER. Townes coined the word 'maser' for this device, an acronym for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. The device they built "used stimulated emission in a stream of energized ammonia molecules to produce amplification of microwaves at a frequency of about 24.0 gighertz" (Wikipedia). "Einstein suggested 'that under the proper circumstances, atoms could release excess energy as light -- either spontaneously or when stimulated by light. In 1951, Charles H. Townes, then at Columbia University in New York City, thought of a way to generate stimulated emission at microwave frequencies. "In the 1930s scientists could have built a laser. They had the optical techniques and theoretical knowledge -- but nothing pushed these together... Charles Townes od Columbia University had studies molecules as a physicist in the 1930s, and during the war he had worked on radar as an electronics engineer. The Office of Naval Research pressed him and other physicists to put their heads together and invent a way to make powerful beams of radiation at ever shorter wavelengths. In 1951 he found a solution. Under the right conditions -- say, inside a resonating cavity like the ones used to generate radar waves --- the right kind of collection of molecules might generate radiation all on its own. He was applying an engineer's insights to a physicists's atomic systems. Townes gave the problem to Herbert Zeiger, a postdoctoral student, and James P. Gordon, a graduate student. By 1954 they had the device working [this paper being the detailed description of what they built]. Townes called it a MASER, for "Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation" (AIP, Laserfest). Townes was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this work in 1964. ALSO INCLUDED is Van Hove's paper presenting a central quantity in the study of fluctuations, the density-density spacetime correlation that has come to be known as the Van Hove function. CONDITION & DETAILS: Lancaster: American Physical Society. Quarto (11.25 x 8.25 inches; 275 x 200mm). Original wraps. Ex-libris bearing a light "Duplicate Reserve Collection" stamp on the front wrap and two equally light small date stamps on the rear wrap. Minor wear at the spine, repaired to match. Slight scuffing and wear around the edges. Otherwise bright and very clean throughout.



    Phase Coherent Vacuum-Ultraviolet to Radio Frequency Comparison With a Mode-Locked Laser in Physical Review Letters, Vol. 84, No. 15, 10 April 2000, pp. 3232-3236 WITH Direct Link Between Microwave and Optical Frequencies With a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb in Physical Review Letters, Vol. 84, No. 22, 29 May 2000, pp. 5102-5105 by Reichert, J. M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch (Hansch) WITH Scott A. Diddams, David J. Jones, Jun Ye, Steven T. Cundiff, and John L. Hall, Jinendra K. Ranka and Robert S. Windeler, Ronald Holzwarth, Thomas Udem, and T.W

    FIRST EDITION ISSUES IN ORIGINAL WRAPS TWO PAPERS BY HÄNSCH & HALL FOR THEIR NOBEL PRIZE WINNING WORK ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF LASER-BASED PRECISION SPECTROSCOPY AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT OF THE FREQUENCY COMB TECHNIQUE. American physicist John Lewis "Jan" Hall and German physicist Theodor Wolfgang Hänsch shared one half of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics for these "contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique. Their laser-based precision spectroscopy meant that atoms could again be employed as references to stabilize the frequency of laser light. In other words, scientists could now "tune a laser wavelength to an optical transition within an atom" (Hessmo, "Laser-based precision spectroscopy and the optical frequency comb technique", Heidelberg, 15 October, 2005). Precision spectroscopy is the ability to measure a frequency accurately. Precision laser spectroscopy creates optical frequency standards substantially superior to the present Cesium time standard. The frequency comb technique allows scientists to transfer the stability of an optical reference to other frequencies where electronics can be used to handle signals. Put another way, the frequency comb functions as would a ruler. "When the frequency of a particular radiation is determined, it can be compared to the extremely acute comb spectral lines, until one is found that 'fits'" (Wikipedia). The work Hall and Hänsch put forth in these papers presents their "development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, that is, the determination of the colour of the light of atoms and molecules with extreme precision. [Their contributions] made it possible to measure frequencies with an accuracy of fifteen digits. Lasers with extremely sharp colours can now be constructed and with the frequency comb technique precise readings can be made of light of all colours. This technique makes it possible to carry out studies of, for example, the stability of the constants of nature over time and to develop extremely accurate clocks and improved GPS technology" (Nobel Prize Committee). The other half of the 2005 prize went to Roy J. Glauber "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence" (Nobel Prize Committee). CONDITION & DETAILS: New York: American Physical Society. Two entire issues, first editions in original wraps. 4to. Ex-libris with small library stickers on the front and back covers; barely visible library stamp at the edge of issue No. 15; issue 22 has a small stamp on the first page of the journal (not a paper relevant here). Mild scuffs and edge wear covers. Both are bright and very clean throughout. Very good +.



    The Quantum Theory of Optical Coherence in Physical Review 130, 1963, pp. 2529-2539 BOUND VOLUME by Glauber, Roy. J

    FULL VOLUME FIRST EDITION OF GLAUBER'S NOBLE PRIZE WINNING QUANTUM THEORY OF OPTICAL COHERENCE, the quantum mechanical basis of different types of light. Glauber's seminal theory, at first controversial but now widely used in the field of quantum optics, differentiates between laser (coherent) light and normal (blackbody) light. Arguing that photon correlation experiments must be based on a consistent application of quantum electrodynamics, Glauber showed how the quantum theory has to be formulated in order to describe the detection process. "This also served to bring out the distinction between the behaviour of thermal light sources and presently common coherent sources such as lasers and quantum amplifiers. "[Glauber's] theory uses the formalism of quantum electrodynamics to describe the absorption of a photon in a detector. By correlating several such detectors, [Glauber showed how] one may obtain higher order correlations, which [then] display clearly the characteristic features of quantum radiation" (Nobel Prize Website). Glauber's work formed the basis for the development of Quantum Optics when it was written and still does to this day. Glauber was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work in optical coherence in 2005. CONDITION & DETAILS: Lancaster: American Institute of Physics. 4to (10.25 x 8 inches; 256 x 200mm). Entire volume, continuously paginated pp. 1639-2622. Glauber paper: pp.2529-2538. Ex-libris with minimal markings (pictorial plate on paste down and no spine markings whatsoever). Illustration: In-text figures throughout. Exterior: Bound in gold buckram with a gilt-lettered spine. Tight, solid. Near fine. Interior: Bright and very clean throughout. Near fine condition.



    Continuous-Wave Laser Action on Vibrational-Rotational Transitions of CO2 in Physical Review, Vol. 136, No. 5A, Nov. 30, 1964, pp. 1187-1193 by Patel, C. K. N. [Chandra Kumar Naranbbai]

    FIRST EDITION IN ORIGINAL WRAPS OF THE FIRST REPORT OF CONTINUOUS LASER ACTION IN PURE CARBON DIOXIDE. "Since its discovery, [Patel's] laser has grown to be one of the most powerful and useful radiation sources available" (Steinfield, Laser and Coherence Spectroscopy, 25). The Indian electrical engineer Chandra Patel joined Bell Labs in 1961 where he "began doing fundamental research in laser action in the pure rare gasses" (MIT Portal). This led to his 1963 discovery of the laser action on the vibrational-rotational transitions of carbon dioxide and his invention in 1964 [in this paper] "of efficient vibrational energy transfer between molecules, and the combination allowed him to invent the nitrogen carbon dioxide (CO2) laser --- the first gas laser to produce high power radiation continuously (ibid). Patel also showed that his "theory is applicable to both the linear polyatomic molecules and the diatomic molecules" (Patel). CONDITION & DETAILS: Original wraps. Lancaster: The American Physical Society. 4to (10.5 x 8 inches; 263 x 200mm). Archival quality rebacking at the spine. Light library stamp on the front wrap; barely visible numerical stamp on rear. Bright and clean; near fine condition.



    The Laser in America, 1950-1970. by BROMBERG, Joan Lisa

    Cambridge:: MIT Press, (1991)., 1991. 8vo. xiv, 310 pp. Illus., index. Black-stamped red cloth, dust-jacket; jacket corners a bit worn else fine. ISBN: 0262023180 "The laser has proved one of the most protean devices of our century. A mere thirty years after its invention, it already serves us in uses as varied as surgical instruments, "smart" bombs, printers, audio devices, telephone communication, cloth cutting, machining, and chemical research. In this book Joan Lisa Bromberg brings a historian's broad perspective to bear on the formative years of laser research in the United States. She demonstrates that, as lasers have become a means to probe the structure and changes of the physical universe, so the history of laser research constitutes a probe with which we can penetrate the structure of American science and engineering. The laser's history has been as multifaceted as its applications. To the heterogeneity of the groups that developed it, and the sheer size of the cast, must be added the lengthy and bitter disputes that have been fought over priority and patents. Bromberg does not set out to decide who is "right"; instead she concentrates on placing the action in the context of the postwar military, commercial, and academic interests that defined it. Starting with the maser, an innovative device for generating pure radio signals of centimeter wavelength, Bromberg describes the conceptual leap that vaulted four orders of magnitude to the laser with its pure beams of visible light. She shows how the operation of the first successful laser sent the pace of research skyrocketing in a research boom driven by a complex combination of professional rewards and institutional pressures. The book concludes with an epilogue by three laser scientists—Arthur H. Guenther, Henry Kressel, and William Krupke—that brings the technical history up to the present. Joan Lisa Bromberg directed the Laser History Project from 1982 to 1989 and is author of Fusion: Science, Politics, and the Invention of a New Energy Source, a history of the federal fusion energy program." – Publisher.

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